The three Democratic members of Idaho's redistricting commission today distributed a guest opinion to Idaho newspapers addressing the apparent impasse on the commission, which is split 3-3 among Democrats and Republicans. They're calling for honoring constitutional provisions – including the one-person, one-vote rule and keeping county splits to a minimum – over statutory requirements for redistricting, such as ensuring that roads connect all parts of a legislative district. “Refusal to do so will create deadlock, waste taxpayers’ dollars, and erode the constitutional framework that protects individuals,” the Democratic commissioners write. Click below to read their full piece. The Redistricting Commission begins meeting again Monday at 10 a.m.; there's more info here.
Written by Co-Chair Allen Anderson of Pocatello, Commissioner Julie Kane of Lapwai, and George Moses of Boise.
As the constitutionally mandated deadline of September 4th looms, the press coverage of Idaho’s bi-partisan Redistricting Commission has increased. Two-thirds of the way through a 90-day timeline, the present Commission seems to be at an impasse. We believe that this impasse is rooted in differing interpretations of the legal guidelines. To resolve this apparent impasse, we believe it is imperative that the Commission adopt one consistent approach to redrawing the lines. Redistricting is done to protect individual voter rights, and we should approach redistricting in a way that best protects that Constitutional right. Such an approach is as follows: first determine if it meets US Constitutional requirements, then the Idaho constitution, and finally, state statutes.
Currently, Republican Commissioners bestow on statutory guidelines the same weight as constitutional requirements. We hold that statutes, which are passed by a simple majority of lawmakers, have less weight than constitutional requirements. To protect the rights that the constitution guarantees, any amendment to it requires a supermajority vote of the people in order to amend it. Simple legislative action is not enough. Considering all guidelines as equal permits more latitude in mapping than was ever intended and violates constitutional protections. Undermining the US and Idaho constitutions violates individual rights and permits the Commission a slippery slope to promote covert partisan goals.
Constitutions are designed to hamstring the power of government and protect individual rights. To ensure this Citizen’s Commission honors constitutional rights, we again assert that all plans should be approached by the following ranked standards:
Idahoans should contact the Redistricting Commission and ask that they honor these requirements in their proper order of importance. Refusal to do so will create deadlock, waste taxpayers’ dollars, and erode the constitutional framework that protects individuals. As intended, a constitutional approach prevents the Commission from using its authority inappropriately. Idahoans should insist their Citizens’ Commission for Redistricting follow a mapping process that honors the US and Idaho constitutions first.
For those just tuning in, redistricting occurs every ten years after a U.S. census. It is designed to protect the voice of the voter and ensure our elected officials represent the same number of people. In 1993, a supermajority of Idahoans amended the state constitution to remove the redistricting process from the Legislature and incumbent influence. Idahoans instead implemented a six-member bipartisan commission of 3 Republican and 3 Democrats. Idahoans required that a final plan must have 4 votes out of 6 to pass. The Idaho legislature has passed a law requiring 5 votes to take certain actions, more than the constitution requires to adopt a plan.
The Commission began its work in June hosting public hearings all over the state to collect. July has been full of meetings and discussions on many proposed maps from both sides. Those who wish to follow archived meetings or future meetings and proposals may visit http://legislature.idaho.gov/redistricting/redistricting.htm.