ELLENSBURG — Cattlemen and hunting groups contend a proposed plan for managing and restoring gray wolves in Washington state still allows for too many wolves. Conservationists say landowners shouldn’t be allowed to kill a wolf caught attacking a domestic dog.
Those arguments were among the biggest wrinkles today in a citizen advisory group’s attempts to agree on recommendations for a plan, nearly five years in the making, on how best to recover wolves in their historic territory and ultimately delist them from endangered species protections while reducing and managing wolf-livestock conflicts.
Gray wolves were eliminated as a breeding species in Washington by the 1930s. Statewide, they are listed as an endangered species under state law, and gray wolves are endangered under federal law in the western two-thirds of the state.
Wolves have never been reintroduced to Washington but numerous sightings over the years suggested that the animals had crossed its border from neighboring states and British Columbia. Today, there are an estimated 25 wolves residing in Washington and three confirmed resident wolf packs — one in Okanogan County and two in northeast Washington’s Pend Oreille County. Additional packs may exist in central and eastern Washington.
Under the revised plan released by the state Department of Fish and Wildlife last month, 15 breeding pairs would be required for delisting, with an added requirement that the population remain steady for at least three years. Wildlife officials say that would equate to an overall population of about between 97-361 wolves.
In at times heated discussion, the 17-member group that included representatives of farming, ranching, conservation and hunting groups, disputed how many wolves should constitute recovery of the species.
Jack Field, executive director of the Washington Cattlemen Association, said the three-year waiting period to delist opens the door for the population to explode without adequate management of the species. For that reason, he said, the number of overall wolves in Washington should be capped.
“In the cattlemen community, there is little or no support for the plan as written,” he said. “This isn’t about 25 wolves today. It’s about 15 years down the road and the problems we will have then.”
Jeff Dawson, a Stevens County rancher, said the pain of wolf reintroduction is borne by a few: livestock producers.
“Those are the folks I represent. As this plan stands, I can’t support it,” he said.
Duane Cocking of Safari Club, a sportsmen group, also raised concerns that the number of deer and elk needed to feed wolves in Eastern Washington is inadequate for the number of wolves called for there.
Under the plan, six breeding pairs would be required in Eastern Washington, four in the North Cascades and five in the South Cascades or Northwest Coast, namely the Olympic Peninsula.
“We just flat don’t have the room for the number of breeding pairs or the number of packs that you folks would like to have over there,” he said.
Ken Oliver, a former Pend Oreille County commissioner whose home sits 34 miles from the Idaho border, echoed that point.
“There are wolves just across the border in Idaho coming over and feeding on our side of the state, and you don’t take that into consideration. It frustrates the devil out of me,” he said. “Don’t wait until there’s all these wolves in Washington before you do something.”
Conservation groups, meanwhile, said they could live with a provision in the revised plan to allow landowners to kill wolves caught in the act of killing livestock if a permit is required. But they disagree with a provision that allows landowners to kill wolves caught in the act of killing domestic dogs.
Extending the provision to dogs is unnecessary because wolf-dog conflicts in the Rocky Mountains have generally occurred when owners weren’t around, said George Halekas, a retired U.S. Forest Service biologist.
John Stuhlmiller of the Washington Farm Bureau countered that the provision might only be used once in 50 years but provides landowners with peace of mind.
“It’s 90 percent mental and it builds public acceptance,” he said. “Fear of the unknown is a tremendous detriment to the success of that plan.”
A final plan is expected to be released for public comment in August.