May 10, 1995 in Nation/World

Zaire’s Mysterious Disease May Be Deadly Ebola Virus City Of 600,000 Quarantined After Outbreak Kills Dozens

Associated Press
 

Soldiers blocked routes into a city of 600,000 that was placed under quarantine Tuesday after more than 100 people died of a mysterious disease that may be caused by one of the world’s deadliest viruses.

A consultant for the World Health Organization said the Ebola virus was responsible for the deaths. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said it is sending a team of investigators equipped with protective suits and respirators, in cooperation with the World Health Organization.

“With the little we know, we’re going to have to assume that this could be Biosafety Level 4,” the highest level of concern of infection, said Dr. Rima Khabbaz, an infectious disease specialist at the centers.

The investigators aren’t expected to arrive in Kinshasa for at least two days, said CDC spokesman Bob Howard.

CDC experts are analyzing victims’ blood samples which arrived from Zaire on Monday, Howard said.

The testing could take as long as 72 hours, he said.

Dr. Muyembe Tamfun, a microbiologist and consultant to the World Health Organization, blamed the Ebola virus for the illness that began sweeping Kikwit, 375 miles east of Kinshasa, the capital, in midApril.

Ebola, which causes hemorrhaging, fevers and vomiting, was considered the most deadly virus before the appearance of HIV, which causes AIDS. Ebola kills about 90 percent of those it infects and there is no treatment or vaccine.

The virus’ ferocity has given it notoriety in popular culture. Ebola was the virus fought in the movie “Robin Cook’s ‘Virus,”’ which appeared Monday on NBC television. The recent movie “Outbreak” concerned a hemorrhagic virus that first appeared in Zaire, although it was not specifically named as Ebola.

Doctors have not confirmed the cause of the outbreak, Khabbaz said. She acknowledged that Ebola “is a suspect any time you hear of anything with bleeding and hemorrhage.”

Investigators hope to reach Kikwit in a few days and the diagnosis should be relatively rapid “if it’s something we know and have dealt with,” Khabbaz said.

In 1976, 274 of 300 people infected in an Ebola outbreak in one village in Zaire died. Ebola is spread through bodily fluids and secretions, though not through casual contact.

Officials at Zaire’s health ministry say the outbreak began April 10 when a surgical patient at Kikwit’s hospital contaminated medical personnel there.

Sixty-three people remained hospitalized in Kikwit on Tuesday.

Health officials equipped with gloves, masks and other equipment were being sent to the city.

© Copyright 1995 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.


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