October 7, 1996 in Nation/World

Judge Moving Bomb Case To Trial Suspects Seek Separate Trials In Oklahoma City Bombing

Sandy Shore Associated Press
 

First came the separate trials issue pushed by Oklahoma City bombing suspects Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols. Next, squabbles over prison food, evidence and the media.

With a dash of dry wit and the calmness of a kindergarten teacher, U.S. District Judge Richard Matsch considered them all last week, moving the Oklahoma City bombing case one step closer to a trial date - or dates.

Prosecutors and defense attorneys alike respect Matsch for his meticulous research and basing his rulings on facts, not emotion.

They expect no less of him on the most critical issue argued last week: Whether McVeigh and Nichols should be tried separately. Matsch took the matter under advisement, and is expected to set a trial date after he rules.

McVeigh and Nichols are charged with murder and conspiracy in the April 19, 1995, bombing of the Oklahoma City federal Building, which killed 168 people and injured more than 500.

Prosecutors say most evidence will be admitted against both men and a joint trial would be more efficient and less traumatic for witnesses, bombing survivors and family members.

McVeigh and Nichols say it would be unfair to ask the same jury to listen to evidence admitted against each man and yet judge them individually.

One of the most critical issues centers on statements Nichols made two days after the bombing.

Nichols told FBI agents he and McVeigh were near the Murrah building three days before the bombing; and, on the day after the bombing, he lent McVeigh his pickup truck and cleaned out a storage locker at McVeigh’s request.

Matsch has said the statements can be used against Nichols, but not McVeigh. That presents a constitutional question since McVeigh would not be allowed to cross-examine Nichols during a joint trial.

Matsch could order one trial and instruct the jurors to keep the evidence separate; order separate trials or seat two juries during a joint trial - one for each defendant.

Box predicted Matsch will separate the trials. “The whole question is not being able to cross-examine your accuser,” he said. “To me, this is the hardest decision he’s had to make.”

Matsch also let the attorneys resolve a dispute involving Nichols’ protest that prison officials were denying him high-fiber foods he needs for a medical condition following bowel surgery.

Matsch also refused to let McVeigh grant reporters interviews.

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