In 1824: The presidential election was turned over to the U.S. House of Representatives when a deadlock developed among John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford and Henry Clay. (Adams ended up the winner.)
In 1917: Father Edward Flanagan opened Boys Town near Omaha, Nebraska.
In 1955: Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man aboard a Montgomery, Ala., city bus. Her arrest sparked a year-long bus boycott by blacks.