In 1845: The U.S. Naval Academy opened in Annapolis, Md.
In 1886: The tuxedo dinner jacket made its American debut at the autumn ball in Tuxedo Park, N.Y.
In 1911: Revolutionaries under Sun Yat-sen overthrew China’s Manchu dynasty.
In 1935: George Gershwin’s opera “Porgy and Bess” opened on Broadway.
In 1943: Chiang Kai-shek took the oath of office as president of China.
In 1957: President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologized to Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, the finance minister of Ghana, after he was refused service in a Dover, Del., restaurant.
In 1970: Fiji became independent after nearly a century of British rule.
In 1973: Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, accused of accepting bribes, pleaded no contest to one count of federal income tax evasion, and resigned his office.