In 1911: American newspaperman Joseph Pulitzer died in Charleston, S.C.
In 1929: Black Tuesday descended upon the New York Stock Exchange. Prices collapsed amid panic selling and thousands of investors were wiped out as America’s Great Depression began.
In 1964: Thieves made off with the Star of India and other gems from the American Museum of Natural History in New York. (The Star and most of the other gems were recovered; three men were convicted of stealing them.)
In 1966: The National Organization for Women was founded.