1777: During the Revolutionary War, American soldiers won the first Battle of Saratoga.
1881: The 20th president of the United States, James A. Garfield, died of wounds inflicted by an assassin.
1934: Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in New York and charged with the kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh infant.
1957: United States conducted its first underground nuclear test (in the Nevada desert).
1985: The Mexico City area was struck by the first of two devastating earthquakes that claimed some 6,000 lives.