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Today In History

1866: Lucy B. Hobbs became the first woman to graduate from a dental school, the Ohio College of Dental Surgery in Cincinnati.

1878: The first telephone directory was issued, by the District Telephone Company of New Haven, Conn.

1885: The Washington Monument was dedicated.

1916: The World War I Battle of Verdun began in France.

1925: The New Yorker magazine made its debut.

1947: Edwin H. Land publicly demonstrated his Polaroid Land camera, which could produce a black-and-white photograph in 60 seconds.

1965: Former Black Muslim leader Malcolm X, 39, was shot to death in New York by assassins identified as Black Muslims.

1972: President Nixon began his historic visit to China.

1973: Israeli fighter planes shot down a Libyan Airlines jet over the Sinai Desert, killing more than 100 people.