LONDON – Alfred Anderson, the last surviving soldier to have heard the guns fall silent along the Western Front during the spontaneous “Christmas Truce” of World War I, died Monday at age 109.
More than 80 years after the war, Anderson recalled the “eerie sound of silence” as shooting stopped and soldiers clambered from trenches to greet one another on Dec. 25, 1914.
His parish priest, the Rev. Neil Gardner, said Anderson died in his sleep early Monday at a nursing home in Newtyle, Scotland. His death leaves fewer than 10 veterans of World War I alive in Britain.
Born June 25, 1896, Anderson was an 18-year-old soldier in the Black Watch regiment when British and German troops cautiously emerged from their trenches on Christmas Day in 1914. The enemies swapped cigarettes and tunic buttons, sang carols and played soccer amid the mud, barbed wire and shell holes of no man’s land.
The informal truce spread along much of the 500-mile Western Front, in some cases lasting for days, alarming army commanders who feared fraternization would sap the troops’ will to fight.
The next year brought the start of vast battles of attrition that claimed 10 million lives, and the Christmas truce never was repeated.
“I remember the silence, the eerie sound of silence,” Anderson told The Observer newspaper last year.
“All I’d heard for two months in the trenches was the hissing, cracking and whining of bullets in flight, machine-gun fire and distant German voices,” said Anderson, who was billeted in a French farmhouse behind the front lines.
“But there was a dead silence that morning right across the land as far as you could see. We shouted ‘Merry Christmas’ even though nobody felt merry. The silence ended early in the afternoon, and the killing started again. It was a short peace in a terrible war.”
During the war, Anderson served briefly as batman – or valet – to Capt. Fergus Bowes-Lyon, brother of Queen Mother Elizabeth. Bowes-Lyon was killed in the Battle of Loos in 1915.
Anderson fought in France until 1916, when he was wounded by shrapnel from a shell. In 1998, he was awarded France’s Legion of Honor.
Anderson was Scotland’s oldest man. He is survived by four children, 10 grandchildren, 18 great-grandchildren and two great-great-grandchildren.