April 17, 2006 in City

Mad cow disease confirmed at British Columbia farm

Rob Gillies Associated Press

U.S. incidents

December 2003: First case confirmed in Canadian-born cow in Mabton, Wash.

June 2005: Disease found in cow in Texas

March 2006: Cow in Alabama tests positive

TORONTO – Canada confirmed a case of mad cow disease Sunday at a farm in British Columbia – the country’s fifth case since May 2003, when the United States closed its border to Canadian beef.

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency announced Thursday it had a suspected case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE.

In humans, meat products contaminated with BSE have been linked to more than 150 deaths, mostly in Britain, from variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, a rare nerve disease.

The 6-year-old cow was identified on a Fraser Valley farm through the national BSE surveillance program.

The first U.S. case of mad cow disease, confirmed in December 2003, was in a Canadian-born cow in Mabton, Wash. The disease was also found in June 2005 in a cow that was born and raised in Texas, and a cow in Alabama tested positive for mad cow disease March 14.

In a written statement, the Canadian agency said the new case would have no bearing on the safety of Canadian beef, because no part of the animal entered the human food or animal feed systems.

Inspectors have tested roughly 100,000 animals since Canada’s first case was detected in Alberta and have said they expect to find isolated cases of the disease.

It is the second animal born after a 1997 ban on cattle feed to test positive for mad cow.

A cow from an Alberta farm tested positive for the disease in January.

The cow’s age raises questions about the effectiveness of the ban, because the disease is believed to spread only when cattle eat feed containing certain tissues from infected cattle. Cattle protein was commonly added to cattle feed to speed growth until Canada – and the United States – banned the practice in 1997.

It could indicate a lack of compliance with the ban by Canadian feed plants or farmers.

“I don’t think it overly raises concerns,” said George Luterbach, a veterinary official with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. “Our investigation has not found that there has been any substantive lack of compliance.”

Trade in cows younger than 30 months, as well as meat, resumed last July with the United States. The younger animals are believed to be at lower risk for the disease.

Canada has invited the United States to participate in the epidemiological investigation of the latest case, and the U.S. Agriculture Department planned to send an animal health expert to Canada today.

U.S. Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns said he did not anticipate a change in status in trade between the countries.

“It is important to note that Canada’s monitoring system identified this animal as one that should be removed from the food and feed supply chain, ensuring food safety continues to be protected,” Johanns said in a statement.

The Canadian Cattlemen’s Association, which represents about 90,000 beef producers, estimated they lost more than $5.7 billion during the two-year ban.

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