Here’s the latest thinking on retirement: Don’t.
That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t retire from your job. But what will you retire to? Many people give scant thought to what they will do after they quit the work force – and the result can be depression, mental deterioration, declining health and possibly a shorter life.
To avoid that fate, experts say you need to treat retirement less like a lengthy vacation and more like a career change.
“There’s what I call vacation confusion,” said Eric Sundstrom, a psychology professor at the University of Tennessee and founder of My Next Phase, which offers coaching and Web-based programs for those approaching retirement. “They think of retirement as rest well-deserved. Once you’ve rested up, now what? People who are engaged live longer and happier than those who sit on the porch and rock or who play endless games of golf.”
Want to improve your chances of a happy retirement? Spend some time chewing over these four questions:
•What are your passions? “People may not know, because they buried them so long ago,” says Denver financial planner Joe Sturniolo. “Many, many people give up on their passions early in life.”
Sturniolo conducts workshops for clients who are facing major transitions, such as retirement or divorce. To help these folks figure out what they’re passionate about, he might have them write down what achievements they are most proud of or what they would do if they inherited $10 million.
Alternatively, he will ask clients to recall the happiest moments from their childhood or college years and what they were doing. “You’re trying to find times in their lives when they were excited,” Sturniolo says.
•What is your purpose? With a little thought, you can probably put together a list of activities you enjoy. But that alone isn’t enough.
Suppose you love tennis. If you spend your retirement playing three sets a day with friends, you will quickly become bored and unhappy. But if you coach the local high-school tennis team, you will have a sense of purpose.
“You feel fulfilled when you’re doing something that’s both important and satisfying,” Sundstrom says. “What’s your reason for getting up in the morning? If work had given you a purpose, you either have to figure out a new purpose or you’ll languish and die.”
•How will you replace the stimulation of work? When you are in the work force, you have to get yourself to your job every morning, deal with colleagues and grapple with work-related problems. Taken together, that gives you regular physical, social and intellectual activity.
All this goes away upon retirement, so you need to make more of an effort to exercise, see friends and keep yourself mentally sharp. For some folks, this can be tough.
•What’s your new role at home? Before you quit the work force, you should hash out a slew of issues with your spouse, including how much you will travel, who will handle which chores, and how much you will each be able to spend.
“One of the questions is, how much alone time do I get?” Altmix says. “In the past, it might have worked very well spending eight or 10 hours a day apart.”