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Iranians debate atomic currency

Sun., March 18, 2007

TEHRAN, Iran – A new 50,000-rial note going into circulation last week was meant to showcase Iran’s technological ambitions and boost national pride just before the Persian New Year this week.

Instead, illustrated with the image of an atom surrounded by a field of electrons over the map of Iran, the bill has proven immensely controversial.

It emerges as world powers discuss the imposition of sanctions on Iran for its nuclear enrichment program and President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad requests an audience with the U.N. Security Council in a bid to allay international worries.

Among Iranians it was meant to exalt, the bill elicited mostly worry and anger.

“The bank note is a window display of a country just like a business card for a manager,” said Mustafa Hasanzadeh, a 52-year-old Tehran businessman. “This bill is the worst promotion for the Ahmadinejad government. If his government wants to compromise on the nuclear issue, this is a disgrace.”

A compendium of Iranian nationalist ambitions and symbols fills the back of the bill. The map of Iran with the atomic imagery is set above the words “Persian Gulf” written in English, a poke at Gulf Arabs who’ve begun claiming the oil-rich body of water as part of the Arab world.

An Arabic quotation attributed to the Prophet Muhammad reads: “If the sciences are in the Thuraya constellation, the people from Iranians will obtain them.”

While some Iranians proudly hailed the bill as an emblem of national pride, others said it risked unnecessarily provoking world anger.

“It indicates Iranians are determined to have access to all kinds of sciences, but it also bears a defiant tone toward the international community,” complained Jangalbaye Vaqari, 34, a Tehran taxi driver.

Worth about $5.40, the new bank note is the highest denomination currency circulating. In addition to celebrating the country’s step into the nuclear age, it could help replace the huge wads of cash needed to purchase basic goods.

But economists worldwide tend to agree that issuing larger denomination bills indicates runaway inflation.

Most Iranians, especially those who remember the days in the 1970s when the rial traded at 70 to the dollar instead of today’s rate of about 9,300, fretted more over what the new currency means for their nation’s purchasing power than nuclear power.

“It looks beautiful,” said Hossein Samadzadeh, an accountant who saw pictures of the bill in a newspaper. “But regrettably it shows the devaluation (of our money) and is ominous.”

Like almost all Iranian currency, the new note bears an image on the front of Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, founder of Iran’s Islamic government.

The cleric once remarked that the Islamic revolution was about religion and “not about the price of watermelons.”

But as Iranians shoppers rush to buy food and gifts to celebrate the upcoming holidays, the price of watermelons is very much on the public’s mind.

“The bank note of any country should represent real power,” said Abul-Ghassem Goulbaf, the publisher of Gozaresh, an economic and political monthly magazine.

“How can we be proud of our economy when we officially devaluate our own currency? The people first of all need decent jobs and food and then they can envisage something like national pride.”


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