March 20, 2007 in Nation/World

Bush urges ‘courage and resolve’ on Iraq

Michael A. Fletcher Washington Post
Associated Press photos photo

President Bush enters the Roosevelt Room of the White House to give a speech marking the fourth anniversary of the war in Iraq.
(Full-size photo)

At a glance

Poll of Iraqis

A poll of 2,200 Iraqis released Monday by ABC News and other media organizations found:

•49 percent of those surveyed said bringing more U.S. forces into Baghdad and Anbar province would worsen security.

•69 percent of Iraqis said the presence of U.S. forces in Iraq makes overall security worse.

•35 percent said the United States should “leave now.”

•The proportion of Iraqis who say things are better after the 2003 U.S.-led invasion has slipped below half for the first time. Forty-two percent say their lives have improved, down from 51 percent in 2005 and 56 percent in 2004.

» Interviews for the poll were conducted in person by Iraqi interviewers between Feb. 25 and March 5 among a random sample of 2,212 adults in all 18 provinces. The results have a 2.5 percentage-point margin of sampling error.

WASHINGTON – President Bush asked skeptical Americans for additional patience as the Iraq war entered its fifth year Monday, saying the United States can be victorious, but “only if we have the courage and resolve to see it through.”

In a brief address to the nation four years after he ordered U.S. forces to invade Iraq, Bush also warned the Democratic-led Congress not to pass a measure scheduled for a vote in the House this week that would require troops to withdraw from the conflict.

“It can be tempting to look at the challenges in Iraq and conclude our best option is to pack up and go home,” Bush said in an eight-minute speech from the Roosevelt Room in the White House. “That may be satisfying in the short run, but I believe the consequences for American security would be devastating.”

Having cost the lives of 3,210 U.S. troops and tens of thousands of Iraqis and more than $300 billion, the war has exacted a larger toll than the White House ever predicted. The conflict has grown more unpopular as it has continued, dragging down Bush’s domestic approval rating, which now hovers below 40 percent, according to several polls. Meanwhile, more than six in 10 Iraqis now say their lives are going badly, and about half say that sending additional U.S. forces to Iraq would only worsen the security situation there, according to an ABC News poll released Monday.

A recent Washington Post-ABC News poll showed a narrow majority of Americans now favor setting a deadline for troop withdrawals – a move the Bush administration has consistently opposed. House Democrats are planning to vote this week on a war spending bill that would effectively require the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq by the fall of 2008. The White House has spoken out against the measure, with press secretary Tony Snow telling reporters that if the initiative prevails in Congress, it will “provide victory for the enemy.”

Peering sternly into the cameras during his remarks, Bush said Congress has a responsibility “to ensure that this bill provides the funds and the flexibility that our troops need to accomplish their mission.” Snow later underscored the president’s words. “What he’s saying is that if they attach strings, he will veto it,” Snow said.

Despite the growing public sentiment for disengaging from Iraq, Bush administration officials have been marking the fourth anniversary of the invasion by making the case for continued U.S. involvement in the war. Appearing on three morning news shows Monday, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice defended going to war in Iraq, although she said that more troops should have been deployed earlier and that the fight is proving to be tougher than anticipated.

“Nothing of value is ever won unless there is sacrifice,” she said on ABC’s “Good Morning America.”

Rather than withdraw forces, Bush hopes that his plan to send in nearly 30,000 additional U.S. troops to help secure Baghdad and violence-torn Anbar province – coupled with new pressure on the Iraqi government to do the tough political and security work needed to heal sectarian divisions – will help turn the tide in the war. He said the new Iraq strategy is showing some early signs of success, although he emphasized that any progress “will take months, not days or weeks.”

According to the poll of Iraqis, 49 percent of those surveyed said that bringing more U.S. forces into Baghdad and Anbar province would worsen security in the country. Twenty-nine percent said the troop increase would improve conditions, while 22 percent said it would have no impact.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (Calif.) promised to continue resisting Bush’s new war strategy. “The American people have lost confidence in President Bush’s plan for a war without end in Iraq,” she said. “That failed approach has been rejected by the voters in our nation, and it will be rejected by the Congress.”

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