June 22, 2008 in Nation/World

Critics fear rule change on plants, parks

Duncan Mansfield Associated Press
Most at risk

The National Parks Conservation Association considers these parks most at risk from coal-fired plants that are planned or under development:

“Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee and North Carolina

“Shenandoah, Virginia

“Mammoth Cave, Kentucky

“Theodore Roosevelt, North Dakota

“Mesa Verde, Colorado

“Capitol Reef, Utah

“Zion, Utah

“Great Basin, Nevada

“Wind Cave, South Dakota

“Badlands, South Dakota

KNOXVILLE, Tenn. – Critics fear the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency will adopt a rule in the waning days of the Bush administration that will make it easier to build coal-fired power plants near national parks.

The proposed change, pending since last June, comes as the utility industry moves into its biggest building boom in coal-fueled power plants in decades. To meet growing electricity needs, more than 20 plants are under construction in 14 states and more than 100 are in various stages of planning.

Tennessee Sen. Lamar Alexander, the third-ranking Republican in the Senate, vowed to push Congress to overrule the EPA if it enacts the rule, perhaps as early as this summer.

The new rule would change the way states, the EPA and others calculate the impact of a new pollution source, like a coal plant, on a park’s maximum pollution load, said John Bunyak, of the National Park Service’s Air Resources Division in Denver. Instead of weighing peak periods of pollution, the new rule would use annual averages.

Don Barger, southern regional director for the National Parks Conservation Association, compared it to a person sticking one hand in a block of ice and the other in a fire.

“Your average temperature is just fine, but your hands are not,” he said. “You are getting some real impact there.”

EPA spokeswoman Cathy Milbourn said the rule is part of an EPA program to prevent air quality degradation in national parks and would not change the level of emissions allowed in clean-air areas.

But in a letter to EPA Administrator Stephen Johnson, Alexander writes that the National Park Service and the EPA’s own regional air quality experts have determined the proposal would result in undercounting of actual pollution sources.

Seven senators have signed the letter: Democrats Thomas Carper of Delaware, Benjamin Cardin of Maryland, Ken Salazar of Colorado and Jon Tester of Montana, and Republicans Judd Gregg of New Hampshire, Elizabeth Dole of North Carolina and John Warner of Virginia.

Others back the agency. M. Cheryl Heying, director of the Utah Division of Air Quality, wrote that Utah “strongly supports the direction that EPA is taking,” saying the rule change recognizes the complexities of permitting decisions and the need to give states flexibility in the process.

Alexander isn’t against coal, but he worries a half dozen new coal plants within 200 miles of the Smokies. Thirty already operate in the region. “It is important to remember the Smokies has among the highest levels of ozone or smog in the eastern United States, either inside or outside a national park.”

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