WADI QELT, West Bank – Gazelles, hyenas and foxes drink from the eucalyptus-lined stream that flows through this West Bank desert canyon. But the separation barrier Israel is building to keep out Palestinian attackers threatens to cut the animals off from this vital water source.
Fearing for the environment, an unusual mix of Jewish settlers and Israeli and Palestinian activists have joined forces to stop the barrier from pushing through this sensitive area east of Jerusalem, saying the pristine landscape and wildlife in Wadi Qelt could suffer irreversible damage.
“This is the first time in the history of the land of Israel in which you take land that has been one land … geographically and naturally, and divide it with a physical barrier that is meant to prevent the passage of anything larger than a rat,” said Avraham Shaked, regional coordinator in Jerusalem for Israel’s Society for the Protection of Nature. “This damages the connectivity that is one of the elements that many species rely on.”
The environment issue is providing rare common ground for adversaries who each oppose the barrier for their own reasons – Palestinians because they think it usurps land they want for a future state, and Jewish settlers who see it as a precursor to giving up the West Bank. In any peace deal, Israel would likely relinquish the more than 90 percent of West Bank land that is expected to lie outside the barrier.
The 490 miles of concrete walls and electronic fence are two-thirds complete. Soon, Israel intends to lay a 7.5-mile stretch of fence that will crisscross Wadi Qelt, destroying the canyon that cuts deep into the rocky Judean Desert near the Dead Sea.
The area is one of the few open spaces left in the region where wild animals still roam freely.
But their freedom and survival are in jeopardy, environmental activists say. Wadi Qelt lies in one of the most contested regions in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Israel hopes to hold onto the area in any peace deal with the Palestinians and plans to extend the barrier to encompass the nearby Maaleh Adumim settlement bloc. The loop feeds Palestinian suspicions that the barrier is a cover to grab West Bank land they want for a state.
Wildlife advocates, warning that it destroys feeding grounds and water sources, have won court orders suspending work on several sections. The campaign has brought together people with conflicting agendas and views.
Imad Atrash, executive director of the Palestine Wildlife Society, says it’s tough to persuade Palestinians to worry about wild animals at a time when the barrier is making it hard, if not impossible, for thousands of people to reach their farmlands, jobs and services. He says he appeals to their patriotism, telling them “we are going to protect our nature for the Palestinians.”
He and other Palestinians work with Israeli specialists to track threatened animals, like the lesser kestrel, a small falcon that nests in Wadi Qelt’s cliffs.
Some Jewish settlers from Kfar Adumim, overlooking Wadi Qelt, also see the barrier’s threat to nature.
Settler Roee Simon, an environmental activist, watched two gazelles graze and predicted that construction there “will destroy it all.”
When it comes to opposing the barrier, he said, “I agree with the Palestinians.”