May 24, 2008 in Nation/World

Iraq clash threatens delicate cease-fire

Lee Keath Associated Press
Associated Press photo

Iraqis hold posters of anti-U.S. cleric Muqtada al-Sadr after prayers in the city of Kufa, south of Baghdad, Friday. Associated Press
(Full-size photo)

BAGHDAD – Iraqi soldiers fired in the air over supporters of anti-U.S. Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr to prevent them from gathering for Muslim prayers Friday in the southern city of Basra, enraging the worshippers and straining a fragile truce with the government.

In another worrisome sign, a top aide to al-Sadr accused Iraqi forces of violations of a separate truce in Baghdad’s Sadr City, where thousands of Iraqi troops have deployed in what has so far been a peaceful campaign to impose control.

Sadr Movement officials in both Basra and Sadr City said they were abiding by the cease-fires, but the shooting in the southern city angered al-Sadr’s followers throughout southern Iraq and in Baghdad.

The cease-fires are crucial to Iraqi security forces’ sweeps in Basra and Sadr City, launched by Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki to show his government can spread its authority in areas long dominated by armed groups like al-Sadr’s powerful Mahdi Army militia.

Iraqi police in Basra said one person was wounded in the shooting in a square in the northern part of the city. But al-Sadr officials contended that one person was killed and three wounded.

The confrontation began when about 75 al-Sadr supporters tried to gather in Basra’s Mile-5 Square to hold Friday prayers, witnesses said. Iraqi police recently banned al-Sadr gatherings in the square after a large cache of weapons was found nearby, police officials said, speaking on condition of anonymity because they feared retaliation.

Iraqi troops were deployed at the square to prevent the prayers. When those gathering refused to disperse, the police fired rounds over their heads, witnesses and the police officials said.

“Oh al-Sadr, to whom we should complain, al-Maliki is just like Saddam Hussein,” the worshippers chanted, according to the witnesses.

In the Shiite holy city of Kufa, 210 miles northwest of Basra, a senior aide to al-Sadr, Abdul-Hadi al-Mohammadawi, denounced the incident. In a sermon, he said the security forces “opened fire on worshippers” and that one person was killed.

“Are these the benefits of the Knights’ Charge battle?” he said sarcastically, referring to the code name of the Iraqi sweep in the city.

Still, an official in al-Sadr’s office in Basra said the group would maintain the truce. “The issue of the truce is a matter of a decision from our leader Muqtada al-Sadr, not something based on this incident,” he said, speaking on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to talk to the press.

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