TEHRAN, Iran – President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s decision to nominate three women as Iran’s first female Cabinet members since the 1979 Islamic revolution faced stiff criticism Saturday from clerics and lawmakers, as well as from women’s rights activists.
Several prominent clerics said the move was counter to Islamic beliefs and urged parliament to reject the nominations.
“If a woman becomes minister, then she must constantly stay in contact with men and deputies, so she could not carry out her religious duties to the full,” Ayatollah Yousef Tabatabaeinejad said during Friday prayers, according to the Khabaronline Web site. “We expect that the parliamentarians should keep their wits and prevent this heresy.”
Women’s rights activists, most of whom are based in the capital, said they doubted the nominees would work to give Iranian women the same rights as men.
“These women are just like him, only female,” said activist Parvin Ardalan, referring to Ahmadinejad. “This is just an act to gain legitimacy among women.”
“The damage that such women can do to women’s rights issues is much more than any man can inflict,” said Nargess Mohammadi, deputy head of the Defenders of Human Rights Center, which is led by Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi. “These female candidates have a traditional mindset. They will increase bias against women, since they believe the role of women is limited to families.”
Iranian laws apply differently to women and men in such areas as divorce, child custody, inheritance and in court, where two female witnesses are counted as one witness. Iranian leaders say that in Islam, women and men are created differently but are equal in essence, and therefore their rights differ.
Ahmadinejad introduced 21 candidates last week for his Cabinet, including former generals, old hands and unknown figures.
“Some may become unhappy as soon as they hear about women,” he said. “We do not want to draw a distinction between men and women. We see them as being complementary to one and other.”
Parliament must give the nominees a vote of confidence, and some lawmakers have expressed reluctance to do so.
“Because of the special Iranian culture, men will not obey women. This will create problems,” Salman Zaker, a lawmaker belonging to a clerical faction of parliament, said Saturday on Fardanews.