March 4, 2009 in Nation/World

Obama hopes to thaw relations with Russia

Overtures made to redefine military, economic relationship
Karen Deyoung Washington Post

Bush missile plan strained ties

 Former President George W. Bush’s push to deploy a missile defense system in the Czech Republic and Poland to guard against potential strikes from Iran has been a prime cause for the chill in relations between the Kremlin and Washington. Moscow fervently believes the real target of such a system would be Russia and not Iran.

 The Bush plan calls for placing 10 interceptor missiles in Poland and a radar system in the Czech Republic. If built, the $3.5 billion system could be operational by 2012. So far, Obama has held off on expressing his support for the system, saying he needed proof that it would work and be cost-effective.

Chicago Tribune

WASHINGTON – The Obama administration is preparing a wide-ranging set of initiatives designed to put shaky relations between the United States and Russia on a more solid footing, including resumption of strategic arms control talks as early as this spring, reactivation of the moribund NATO-Russia Council and possible U.S. reconsideration of plans to deploy a missile defense system in Eastern Europe, senior administration officials said.

The proposals, which President Obama plans to present to Russian President Dmitry Medvedev when they meet for the first time next month, will also offer enhanced economic cooperation.

The administration hopes that the offer of a comprehensive new strategic relationship will encourage Russia to be more helpful in achieving U.S. goals in Afghanistan and Iran. At the same time, the White House is eager to give Medvedev a chance to put his stamp on the U.S.-Russia relationship, dominated for the past decade by former president and current Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.

But as Obama’s national security team rushes to put the package together, officials remain unsure of the reception it will get. An exchange of public comments and private letters between Obama and Medvedev over the past five weeks has left the administration optimistic but uncertain whether the Russian president is willing or able to deliver.

So far, both governments have spoken in generalities, each prodding the other to move toward substance. Medvedev said Tuesday that a discussion of missile defense contained in a lengthy letter Obama sent him last month was “a disappointment” and that he was looking for more “specific proposals” when they sit down together at an April 2 economic summit in London.

Obama Tuesday disputed news reports that his letter – a response to a missive from Medvedev – offered to abandon plans to deploy missile defense components near the Russian border in Poland and the Czech Republic in exchange for Moscow’s help in stopping the Iranian nuclear program. He said he had merely repeated a previous, public observation that removal of the Iranian threat would eliminate the need to defend against it.

His message to Medvedev, Obama said, addressed “a whole range of issues, from nuclear proliferation to how we are going to deal with a set of common security concerns along the Afghan border, and terrorism. … My hope is that we can have a constructive relationship where, based on common respect and mutual interest, we can move forward.”

Despite the attention paid to missile defense, the most urgent task before the administration is putting in place a negotiating team to begin work on a new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty to replace the 1991 agreement with Moscow that expires at the end of this year. Although Obama has voiced strong support for additional sharp reductions, he has not specified any numbers. The Russians are likely to favor a relatively slow additional drawdown, but both sides are anxious to begin the process.

Medvedev also touched on other issues in comments made during a visit this week to Spain. “As to our cooperation on Afghanistan,” he said, “we are interested in stepping it up rather than stopping it. … It is my understanding that this issue is high on the foreign policy agenda of the new U.S. president. We share this approach.” Tuesday, the Russian government informed the U.S. Embassy in Moscow that the first shipment of American supplies to Afghanistan crossing Russian territory under a new agreement had reached the border of Kazakhstan.

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