November 7, 2009 in Business

Air travelers feeling squeeze

Flights fewer but fuller as airlines cut schedules
Andrea Ahles McClatchy

Flying full

U.S. airlines have been particularly full this year as capacity has been aggressively trimmed. Here is the load factor – the percentage of seats filled with paying customers – for selected carriers during the third quarter.

83.9: American

85.8: Delta/Northwest

85.8: Continental

85.8: United Airlines

84.0: US Airways

79.6: Southwest Airlines

Source: The airlines

FORT WORTH, Texas – If your most recent flight felt crowded, it was.

Most domestic airlines reported that the load factor – the percentage of seats filled – topped 80 percent for the third quarter as carriers cut flights out of their schedules. So though fewer passengers are flying these days, planes are fuller because fewer seats are available, industry analysts say.

And that trend of high load factors is expected to continue through the holidays.

“Business travelers, who pay three to four times more per ticket, used to subsidize some empty seats, and because airlines don’t have that business traveler anymore, they will stick as many low-yielding passengers – all the way to the gills – into a plane,” said Rick Seaney, chief executive of, a Web site that tracks airfares.

Planes are so full that it might be time to rethink that time-honored strategy of accepting money or vouchers for volunteering to be bumped. You just might not get back on anytime soon.

The July-September quarter is traditionally the strongest for airlines as leisure travelers fill up planes during the summer and business travelers start flying again in the fall.

But with the recession, domestic carriers had to drop airfares dramatically to entice vacationers to fly in late summer. They ended up cutting flight capacity in September because business travel demand was low.

As a result, analysts say, load factors remained strong, in the low- to mid-80 percent range, in the third quarter.

And the days of the middle seat being empty on a plane are long gone, analysts said.

As a result of skyrocketing fuel prices in the summer, airlines started pulling planes out of service because flying them half-full was too expensive. When corporations cut travel budgets during the recession, airlines decreased their flight schedules even more.

And until business travel demand picks up again, most airlines will continue to adjust their schedules. Analysts say that if the price of crude oil continues to go up – it’s now trading at nearly $80 a barrel – domestic carriers may park even more airplanes in the desert.

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