INDIANAPOLIS – An Indiana court has ruled that a pizza shop must pay for a 340-pound employee’s weight-loss surgery to ensure the success of another operation for a back injury he suffered at work – raising concern among businesses bracing for more such claims.
The Indiana Court of Appeals decision, coupled with a recent Oregon court ruling, could make employers think twice before hiring workers with health conditions that might cost their companies thousands of dollars at a shot down the road.
“This kind of situation will happen again … and employers are undoubtedly worried about that,” said Lewis Maltby, president of the National Workrights Institute in Princeton, N.J., an offshoot of the American Civil Liberties Union.
Boston’s The Gourmet Pizza must pay for lap-band surgery for Adam Childers, a cook at the store in Schererville, under last month’s Indiana ruling that upheld a 4-3 decision by the state’s workers’ compensation board.
Childers, who was then 25, weighed 340 pounds in March 2007 when he was accidentally struck in the back by a freezer door. Doctors said he needed surgery to ease his severe pain, but that the operation would do him no good unless he first had surgery to reduce his weight, which rose to 380 pounds after the accident.
His employers agreed to pay for the back surgery, but argued they were not obligated to pay for a weight-loss operation that could cost $20,000 to $25,000, because Childers already was obese before he was hurt.
The board and the court, however, said the surgery – and disability payments while Childers was unable to work – were covered because his weight and the accident had combined to create a single injury. They said Boston’s didn’t present any evidence that his weight had been a medical problem before the accident.
Boston’s attorney, Kevin Kearney, of South Bend, said the company has asked the court to hear the case again. Oregon’s Supreme Court recently ruled that the state workers’ compensation insurance must pay for gastric bypass surgery to ensure that a man’s knee replacement surgery was effective.