February 2, 2010 in Nation/World

Americans face prosecution in Haiti

Government wants to deter child trafficking
Ben Fox And Frank Bajak Associated Press
Associated Press photo

Two Haitian police officers sit next to Charisa Coulter, of Boise, one of the 10 Americans who were arrested while trying to bus children out of Haiti, who is being treated for what she said is either severe dehydration or the flu.
(Full-size photo)

Also Monday

U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano said the U.S. military would fly critically ill quake survivors to several states to avoid overloading Florida. The flights had stalled for five days due to concerns over space and costs.

In Washington, the American Red Cross said a waiting list of 1,000 flights for Haiti’s airport is limiting delivery of relief supplies.

Many schools in Haiti’s outlying provinces, which were not as affected by the quake, reopened Monday, and more provincial schools will reopen next Monday, the government said.

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti – Haiti’s prime minister said Monday that 10 Americans who tried to take a busload of undocumented Haitian children out of the country knew that “what they were doing was wrong,” and could be prosecuted in the United States.

Prime Minister Max Bellerive told the Associated Press that his country is open to having the Americans face U.S. justice, since most government buildings – including Haiti’s courts – were crippled by the monster earthquake.

“It is clear now that they were trying to cross the border without papers. It is clear now that some of the children have live parents,” Bellerive said. “And it is clear now that they knew what they were doing was wrong.”

If they were acting in good faith – as the Americans claim – “perhaps the courts will try to be more lenient with them,” he said.

U.S. Embassy officials would not say whether Washington would accept hosting judicial proceedings for the Americans, who are mostly from Idaho. For now, the case remains firmly in Haitian hands, State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley said in Washington.

“Once we know all the facts, we will determine what the appropriate course is, but the judgment is really up to the Haitian government,” he said.

Haitian officials insist some prosecution is needed to help deter child trafficking, which many fear will flourish in the chaos caused by the devastating Jan. 12 quake.

U.S. diplomats have had “unlimited” access to the 10 detainees, and will monitor any court proceedings, Crowley said. They have not yet been charged.

Members of the church group insisted they were only trying to save abandoned and traumatized children – but appeared to lack any significant experience with Haiti, international charity work or international adoption regulations.

One of the Americans, Charisa Coulter, of Boise, was treated Monday at a field hospital for either dehydration or the flu. Investigators have been trying to determine how the Americans got the children, and whether any of the traffickers that have plagued the impoverished country were involved.

The Americans Attorney Jorge Puello said they came from a collapsed orphanage. Their detained spokeswoman, Laura Silsby, said they were “just trying to do the right thing,” but she conceded she had not obtained the required passports, birth certificates and adoption certificates for them. The prime minister said some of those parents may have knowingly given their kids to the Americans in hopes they would reach the United States – a not uncommon wish for poor families in a country that already had an estimated 380,000 orphans before the quake.

Haiti’s overwhelmed government has halted all adoptions unless they were in motion before the earthquake amid fears that parentless or lost children are more vulnerable than ever to being seized and sold. Sex trafficking has been rampant in Haiti. Bellerive’s personal authorization is now required for the departure of any child.

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