May 21, 2010 in Nation/World

Oil reaches Louisiana marshes

Leak bigger than estimated, BP says
Kevin Mcgill Associated Press
 
Associated Press photo

Oil is seen on a beach on Elmer’s Island in Louisiana on Thursday. Oil from the rig explosion last month in the Gulf of Mexico has started drifting ashore along the Louisiana coast.
(Full-size photo)

EPA tells BP to switch mixes

 WASHINGTON – The Environmental Protection Agency on Thursday ordered BP to switch to a less toxic version of the chemical dispersant it’s been using in huge quantities in the Gulf of Mexico to break up the spreading oil spill.

 An EPA directive to the oil company told it to find a less toxic alternative to Corexit, the dispersant it’s used so far. The company has applied 600,000 gallons of the chemical mix on the surface of the water and another 55,000 gallons some 5,000 feet below the surface at the site of the leak. Such a large use of any dispersant and its application deep underwater are unprecedented.

McClatchy

GRAND ISLE, La. – The spectacle many had feared for a month finally began unfolding as gooey, rust-colored oil washed into the marshes at the mouth of the Mississippi for the first time, stoking public anger and frustration with both BP and the government.

The sense of gloom deepened as BP conceded what some scientists have been saying for weeks: that the oil leak at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico is bigger than the company previously estimated.

Up to now, only tar balls and a sheen of oil had come ashore. But on Wednesday, chocolate brown and vivid orange globs, sheets and ribbons of foul-smelling oil the consistency of latex paint began coating the reeds and grasses of Louisiana’s wetlands, home to rare birds, mammals and a rich variety of marine life.

There were no immediate reports of any mass die-offs of wildlife or large numbers of creatures wriggling in oil, as seen after the Exxon Valdez disaster, but that was the fear.

Billy Nungesser, president of Louisiana’s Plaquemines Parish, toured the oil-fouled marshes Wednesday and said: “Had you fallen off that boat yesterday and come up breathing that stuff, you probably wouldn’t be here.”

A live video feed of the underwater gusher, posted online Thursday after lawmakers exerted pressure on BP, is sure to fuel the anger.

It shows what appears to be a large plume of oil and gas still spewing into the water next to the stopper-and-tube combination that BP inserted to carry some of the crude to the surface. The House committee website where the video was posted promptly crashed because so many people were trying to view it.

“These videos stand as a scalding, blistering indictment of BP’s inattention to the scope and size of the greatest environmental catastrophe in the history of the United States,” said Rep. Edward J. Markey, D-Mass.

At least 6 million gallons have gushed into the Gulf – more than half the amount the Exxon Valdez tanker spilled in Alaska in 1989 – since the Deepwater Horizon drilling platform exploded 50 miles off the coast April 20.

The slow-motion disaster could become far wider. Government scientists said a small portion of the slick had entered the so-called loop current, a stream of fast-moving water that could carry the mess into the Florida Keys and up the state’s Atlantic Coast.

“It’s anger that the people who are supposed to be driving the ship don’t have any idea what’s going on,” E.J. Boles, a musician from Big Pine Key, Fla., said of both BP and the government. “Why wouldn’t they have any contingency plan? I’m not a genius, and even I would have thought of that.”

BP spokesman Mark Proegler told the Associated Press that the mile-long tube inserted into the leaking well pipe over the weekend is capturing 210,000 gallons of oil a day – the total amount the company and the Coast Guard had estimated was gushing into the sea – but that some is still escaping. He would not say how much.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said an interagency team using ships and planes is working on a new estimate of how much oil is gushing from the well.

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