November 11, 2010 in Nation/World

Iraq has deal to form a new government

Al-Maliki will stay on as premier
Rebecca Santana Associated Press

(Full-size photo)

At a glance

Elements of the agreement to form a new government in Iraq:

• Nouri al-Maliki, a Shiite, will serve another four-year term as prime minister.

• Iraqiya, the Sunni-backed coalition, will choose the parliament speaker. Iraqiya also won a concession to end the so-called de-Baathification law in two years.

• The government will create a new council with authority over security issues.

• President Jalal Talabani, a Kurd, will keep his largely ceremonial job.

• It was unclear what role anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and his hard-line Shiite faction, which endorsed al-Maliki, might play in a new government.

BAGHDAD – Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki will return to power for another four-year term after Iraqi lawmakers working late into the night Wednesday agreed on a tentative deal to form a new government, lawmakers said.

The deal breaks an eight-month impasse that paralyzed the government, encouraged insurgent attacks and rattled potential foreign investors. The Sunni-backed secular coalition, which had vehemently opposed al-Maliki, finally resigned itself to serving in his government along with the other main political groups.

“Finally, fortunately, it’s done. It’s finished. All the groups are in it,” said Kurdish lawmaker Mahmoud Othman, who took part in the nearly seven hours of negotiations Wednesday following talks the previous two days.

An official in the Sunni-backed coalition, Iraqiya, also confirmed the deal.

The deal involves concessions to both the Kurds and to Iraqiya, which is led by former prime minister Ayad Allawi. U.S. officials have worried that a government without the backing of minority Sunnis could spell a return to sectarian warfare.

But the return of al-Maliki to the premier’s post underscores Iran’s rising influence in Iraq at a time when American forces are leaving. It was Iran that engineered al-Maliki’s recent endorsement by anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, who controls 40 seats in the new parliament. The two men, fellow Shiites, had been enemies in the past.

It was unclear what role al-Sadr and his hard-line Shiite faction might play in a new government – and whether al-Maliki’s partnership with the Sadrists could derail pro-Western security and commercial policies.

Lawmakers familiar with the negotiations described the general outlines of the deal as follows:

Allawi’s bloc will choose the parliament speaker. It was not known who that would be, but their pick was expected to be ratified when lawmakers meet today for only the second time since the March 7 election.

The government will also create a new council with authority over security issues. That is intended as a concession to Allawi’s coalition, which has pushed heavily for ways to reduce al-Maliki’s power in exchange for offering its support.

But details apparently still need to be worked out, and it was not immediately clear that Iraqiya would end up controlling the council or that it will have real authority.

Allawi’s bloc also won a concession to end the so-called de-Baathification law in two years, according to the Iraqiya official. The law regulates efforts to purge members of Saddam Hussein’s former regime from government jobs. Sunnis detest the law because they consider it a thinly veiled attempt to keep them from power.

The Kurds, who have played the role of king-maker in Iraqi politics since the fall of Saddam, were granted their demand that President Jalal Talabani, a Kurd, keep his largely ceremonial job.

Unclear, though, is whether the Kurds won any other concessions. They had wanted firm guarantees in exchange for their support, including a referendum to decide control of the oil-rich region around Kirkuk.

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