Labour Party leaders Ed and David Miliband come from strong left-wing roots, sons of Polish-born Jewish parents who fled mainland Europe in the Nazi era.
Their father, Ralph Miliband, who died in 1994, fled Belgium on the last boat to England before German bombs fell. He became a Marxist academic and married Marion Kozak, now 76 and a lifelong Labour activist. She narrowly escaped Nazi persecution of Jews in Poland in the 1940s to find refuge in England.
The siblings were educated in state-run schools in London, and then at Oxford University.
Los Angeles Times