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Mass sardine die-off cause still unknown

Fri., April 1, 2011

LOS ANGELES – Three weeks after a huge fish die-off in Southern California, officials said Thursday they have a body count but still can’t say what drove 175 tons of sardines into the marina where they died.

As many as 2.5 million sardines created a silvery blanket on the surface and floor of King Harbor Marina on March 8, said Dave Caron, professor of biological sciences at the University of Southern California.

Several theories have been offered about the unusual behavior. Some said the sardines were lost. Others suggested the fish had been chased by marine predators or ingested toxins that confused them.

Redondo Beach City Manager Bill Workman said he even heard from people who believed the sardines may have sensed the coming earthquake in Japan and fled.

Once in the marina, the sardines used up all the oxygen and died.

Hundreds of volunteers and city workers scrambled to remove the remains to ease the pungent smell and the potential threat to other sea life.

Officials estimated the effort cost at between $300,000 and $500,000.

Kathi Lefebvre, a biologist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration who tested samples of the dead fish, determined the toxin domoic acid was not a factor.

“There were low levels of an algal bloom toxin detected in fish,” she said. “Toxin levels were lower than we’ve seen in many other events, and in those events fish were not behaviorally impacted.”

That left scientist struggling to explain the strange behavior in other ways.


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