January 9, 2011 in Nation/World

Sudanese optimistic, tense on eve of vote

Sporadic violence seen along north-south border
Alan Boswell McClatchy
Associated Press photo

Newly trained police recruited for referendum security ride on a truck near a polling station in Juba, southern Sudan, on Saturday.
(Full-size photo)

What’s at stake

 If it passes, the referendum will split Africa’s biggest country between the mostly Arab and Muslim north, and the mostly black and Christian or animist south. Southern Sudan would be on track to become a country in July.

 U.S. Sen. John Kerry, one of several high-profile American observers in southern Sudan for the vote, said the stability of northern Sudan is also critical. Sudan will lose a third of its land, nearly a quarter of its population and much of its main moneymaker, oil, if south Sudanese vote for independence.

Associated Press

JUBA, Southern Sudan – Clashes struck Sudan’s north-south border Saturday, including in the nation’s disputed flashpoint area of Abyei, sobering up an otherwise jubilant atmosphere in southern Sudan on the eve of the region’s historic vote for independence.

The violence, instigated by pockets of small militias, seems to be contained for now. Polling for the referendum was set to open today as planned.

For most of the past 50 years, Sudan’s southern region has been at war with Sudan’s government in the north. The weeklong popular plebiscite beginning Sunday in southern Sudan offers the oil-rich region the choice to secede and form a new nation. The vote was a core component of the 2005 U.S.-brokered deal that ended the latest civil war.

World leaders have expressed concern that the expected vote for separation could inflame old tensions between the two sides and possibly lead to renewed conflict, especially along the two sides’ long shared border, where many areas remain disputed.

In Abyei, northern-aligned Arab Misseriya nomads have clashed twice with armed Ngok Dinka, the district’s ethnic southern permanent residents who want the area to join the south, according to the region’s Ngok Dinka administration.

The United Nations, which has a peacekeeping base in the district, wasn’t able to confirm casualties on Saturday.

Abyei is widely thought to be the most explosive flashpoint along the border.

“We call upon the leaders to ensure that the people of Abyei, the constituents, can have their needs, their aspirations and their rights met,” Scott Gration, U.S. special envoy to Sudan, told reporters Saturday in Juba, the southern capital.

For the past two days, fighting has also erupted between southern forces and militiamen loyal to Gatluak Gai, a southern rebel leader, in southern Sudan’s border state of Unity. Six have been killed, according to the Southern Sudanese army.

The violence Friday and Saturday stood in stark contrast to the outpouring of joy and optimism from Juba in recent days, where pro-secession public rallies and widespread excitement have built upon the buzz of anticipation ahead of the vote.

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