February 20, 2012 in Nation/World

Iran limits oil exports to Europe

France, Britain cut off over economic sanctions
Patrick J. Mcdonnell Los Angeles Times
 
Impact may be symbolic

• The Iranian cutoff could amount mostly to a gesture: French and British suppliers have already reduced purchases of Iranian oil and lined up alternative sources.

• Though oil is Iran’s major source of income, the Oil Ministry says sales to the EU amount to only 18 percent of crude exports.

BEIRUT – Iran said Sunday that it was cutting off oil exports to France and Britain in a pre-emptive strike against European economic sanctions, while top U.S. and British officials warned against a military attack on Iran’s disputed nuclear program.

Iran’s retaliatory oil ban was the latest instance of brinkmanship surrounding Tehran’s nuclear ambitions. Iran says its program is solely for peaceful purposes, but the U.S. and many of its allies suspect the goal is to develop weapons.

Speculation has intensified in recent weeks about a possible Israeli or U.S. strike on Iranian nuclear sites, even as an apparent shadow war rages featuring assassinations of Iranian scientists, sabotage of Iran’s nuclear technology and recent bomb plots that targeted Israeli diplomats in India and Georgia and, authorities suspect, in Thailand.

On Sunday, British Foreign Minister William Hague and Army Gen. Martin Dempsey, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, made a conscious effort to cool the rhetoric.

“None of us want Iran to have nuclear weapons. (But) I don’t think it would be a wise thing at this moment … for Israel to launch a military attack on Iran,” Hague told the BBC. “I think Israel like everyone else in the world should be giving a real chance to the approach we’ve adopted of very serious economic sanctions and diplomatic pressure and the readiness to negotiate with Iran.”

Across the Atlantic, Dempsey suggested that Iran could still be dissuaded from pursuing nuclear weapons. “We think the current path we’re on is the most prudent path at this point,” Dempsey said on CNN.

The Joint Chiefs chairman voiced concern that an Israeli attack on Iran’s nuclear infrastructure could prompt Tehran to retaliate against U.S. targets in the Persian Gulf or Afghanistan, where the U.S.-led war against the Taliban continues.

An Israeli attack could set back Iran’s nuclear program “probably for a couple of years,” Dempsey acknowledged, echoing testimony given to a Senate committee last week by James R. Clapper, director of National Intelligence. But Dempsey made it clear that U.S. policymakers considered such a move “destabilizing.”

In the interview, Dempsey described Iran as “a rational actor” – in contrast to the nation frequently depicted in the West as a fanatical regime that, once armed with a nuclear weapon, would not hesitate to use it on Israel. Experts agree that any such Iranian attack would trigger a devastating response from Israel, which is widely believed to have an extensive nuclear arsenal.

In Tehran, Iran’s Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi also opted for conciliatory words Sunday, declaring that the incendiary dispute could be defused through negotiations.

“We are seeking to find a way out of Iran’s nuclear issue in such a way that it would be ‘win-win,’ ” Salehi was quoted as saying by Iran’s Mehr news agency. “We understand the other side’s situation and are aware that the other side is seeking … to come out of the issue honorably.”

Iran has agreed to a new round of talks on the issue with the United States, Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany.

Nonetheless, Iran said Sunday that it was cutting off oil supplies to France and Britain in retaliation for a coming European Union oil embargo that is part of the punishing new series of sanctions linked to the Islamic Republic’s nuclear program.


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