Baseball in Japan not in jeopardy


TOKYO – As one among the seemingly hundreds of Japanese and American officials and media mingling on the Tokyo Dome field before Monday’s game, I weaved from handshake to interview to gossip to – stunned surprise.

I had the good fortune to be introduced to one of the more intriguing figures in 20th-century world sports – Masanori Murakami, who at age 20 in 1964 became the first Japanese to play in the major leagues.

A relief pitcher for the San Francisco Giants, Murakami pitched in 45 games in two seasons, going 6-1 with a 3.43 earned-run average. He was nearly as big a deal in the U.S. and Japan in his day as Ichiro is now, except that Murakami came up through the Giants farm system as part of a novel training agreement with his Japanese team, the Nankai Hawks.

Now 67, a baseball commentator and still not a deft speaker of English, Murakami and I exchanged business cards and smiles. We bowed and parted. The meeting made my day.

The story of Murakami helped close the circle in my growing belief that baseball in Japan, once said to be threatened by the departure of Ichiro and other stars to American baseball, is in no external jeopardy.

Murakami was beloved in San Francisco. He was more or less forced to quit MLB and return to the game in Japan because of pressure from a threatened Japanese baseball hierarchy as well as his father, who feared that his son was becoming too Americanized, especially with his blonde, flight-attendant girlfriend.

What thwarted Murakami is what will likely preserve Japanese baseball for a good long while – the baseball and cultural differences are still too many for young Japanese to come to America and its minor league system to make the major leagues.

What was done by Ichiro in coming to the U.S. at 27 could not have been done by Ichiro at 18 or 20. Japan will always lose some premier veterans to the U.S., but it will keep producing more and better talent to replenish the top tier.

Another relief pitcher who left Japan for the U.S., of more recent vintage and familiarity, former Mariners All-Star Shigetoshi Hasegawa, is persuaded that the differences between the nations in how young players are trained and treated forecloses a migratory flood of ballplayers.

Now a broadcaster for Japan’s national network, NHK, Hasegawa, 43, showed up to work the game between his old club and the Yomiuri Giants, as well as throw out the ceremonial first pitch.

Regarding the prospects of more Murakamis starting early in the U.S., Hasegawa said,  “I don’t think the minor league system is good for the Japanese. And I don’t think the system is good for U.S. players. The system is set up to find the few players who can get to the majors, and they don’t train very many players.

“I don’t know if it is good or bad. But in Japan, high school, college and minor league baseball players are trained hard. If a high school player in Japan wanted to go to the U.S.. I would tell him no.”

The traditions and routines of Japanese youth baseball are legendary and often brutal. But the purpose is more about a cultural process and a respect for the game than a professional outcome. The U.S. system is all about filling 25 major league roster spots, not imparting values.

“It’s hard even for American kids with million-dollar bonuses to make it,” Hasegawa said. “Even a good college kid is going to spend three, four years in the minors. But a veteran in Japanese baseball who’s really good here can make it in the major leagues.”

Hasegawa, who pitched in 230 Mariners game from 2002 to 2005 with  3.46 ERA and made the All-Star team in 2003, said even though he helped lead the migration of Japanese stars, he was worried for the game here.

“At the beginning, it was kinda tough; it hurt,” he said. “But now you’re seeing some players returning to play here after their U.S. careers. Like Kenji Johjima (former Mariners catcher who returned to the Hanshin Tigers and helped beat the Mariners 5-1 Sunday). He brings back a lot, and it helps development here.

“Players like me, Hideo Nomo and Ichiro, we go and don’t come back. But now players come back. Our baseball was already good. You can’t see a lot of this development yet, but it’s step by step. It’s getting better.”

Hasegawa made another telling point about the subject of nationhood.

“Japanese baseball is mostly for Japanese players, with a few Americans,” he said. “Baseball in America is at a higher level, but it isn’t American baseball. It’s international baseball.

“It’s an international age. Who’s an American player now? It’s kinda hard to tell.”

The real blow from the migration comes not on the field, but in TV ratings. Japanese baseball is losing TV audience, and MLB is gaining here.

“It’s kinda tough to see Japanese TV ratings go down,” he said. “But there’s nothing we can do about it.

Art Thiel is a columnist for

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