When white immigrants began settling permanently in the Spokane area in the 1870s, it was a particularly hardscrabble group who chose the rural Spokane Valley to eke out a meager subsistence raising vegetables, cattle, tree fruit and wheat.
Land was cheap, but the tiny settlements like Dishman, Opportunity, Veradale, Greenacres and Otis Orchards were isolated far from the city lights of Spokane. Erma Seehorn, whose family moved to the Valley in 1912, remembers that she could see only two lights in the Valley at night.
The arrival of the electric pump for irrigation opened more land for farming, and orchards flourished. The center of public life was usually the general store, which likely subscribed to the city newspaper, and shoppers would discuss the news around the store’s wood stove in the winter.
J. Howard Stegner, from a pioneering Spokane Valley family, explained how people survived the hot summers, frigid winters, poor harvests and everyday trials: “Before the days of payrolls in our valley, one expected to make his living off the land. A successful crop would depend on a good seed bed, sowing at the right time, enough rainfall and whether the grasshoppers ate it up. You were strictly on your own unless you had good neighbors. And to have good neighbors, you had to be one.”
– Jesse Tinsley
1908: This view looks south down Pines Road toward Sprague Avenue in Spokane Valley.
Present day: This view looks south from the parking lot of Opportunity Presbyterian Church toward the corner of Sprague and Pines, the center of the area known as Opportunity.