PARIS — It’s a data leak involving tens of thousands of offshore bank accounts, naming dozens of prominent figures around the world. And new details are being released by the day — raising the prospect that accounts based on promises of secrecy and tax shelter could someday offer neither.
Those named include a top campaign official in France, the ex-wife of pardoned oil trader Marc Rich, Azerbaijan’s ruling family, the daughter of Imelda Marcos and the late Baron Elie de Rothschild. The widespread use of offshore accounts among the wealthy is widely known; even Mitt Romney acknowledged stashing some of his millions in investments in the Cayman Islands.
But this week’s leak, orchestrated by a Washington-based group called the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, appeared to be the broadest in what has been a steady stream of information emerging about hidden money in recent years amid a wave of anger targeting the super-rich in an age of austerity.
The leak allegedly involved records from 10 tax havens, where the world’s wealthy have long stashed funds. It uncovered a shadow network of empty holding companies and names essentially rented out to fill out boards of nonexistent corporations, including a British couple listed as active in more than 2,000 entities, according to the Guardian newspaper, which participated in the global undertaking.
The project started with the receipt of a hard drive by an Australian journalist, Gerard Ryle, who took the data with him when he joined the consortium, according to the project’s website. The group, a project of the Washington-based Center for Public Integrity, has said the hard drive arrived in the mail.
“We know the data is valid. We know who originally produced the data and we’ve done massive crosschecks to make sure what we’re getting is accurate and isn’t corrupted,” said Michael Hudson, a senior editor on the project.
Rudolf Elmer, who once ran the Caribbean operations of the Swiss bank Julius Baer and turned whistle-blower after he was dismissed in 2002, told the Associated Press that he considers the data to be authentic.
“This comprehensive information is like a torch that will probably set off a wildfire and bring to light a lot more about secretive tax havens,” he said.
The secret bank accounts of the rich and powerful have recently come under a crush of whistle-blowing scrutiny.
France’s former budget minister, Jerome Cahuzac, was forced to resign last month after a French investigative website unrelated to the latest leak revealed that he held offshore accounts, a particularly damaging scandal because he was spearheading a campaign against tax evasion. In 2010, a Greek journalist published a list of about 2,000 people holding undeclared Swiss bank accounts, disclosures that triggered a firestorm of outrage as Greeks were forced to swallow brutal austerity measures.
There is nothing inherently illegal about opening bank accounts overseas, but it’s well known that the wealthy use them to avoid higher taxes at home, a practice that Pascal Saint-Amans, head of tax policy for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, said was quickly falling afoul of governments desperate for revenue, especially those suffering in the European financial crisis.
The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists promised Friday to continue publishing details in coming weeks. Hudson, the senior editor, said the goal was to shed light on an industry that has thrived on secrecy.
“It becomes a question of not necessarily right or wrong, but it is a question of how our world works and how some folks who have the wherewithal to use havens get a degree of secrecy and tax benefits that average folks don’t have access to,” he said.