U.S. spying led to closures
Al-Qaida leader reportedly ordered attacks on embassies
WASHINGTON – The Obama administration’s decision to temporarily shut 28 diplomatic posts came after U.S. intelligence intercepted communications between the al-Qaida leader who succeeded Osama bin Laden and the head of the terrorist network’s affiliate in Yemen, U.S. and Yemeni officials said.
Officials said Monday that Ayman al-Zawahri, the Egyptian leader of al-Qaida who is believed to be hiding in Pakistan, ordered Nasser Wuhayshi, who heads the affiliate known as al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula, or AQAP, to orchestrate an attack or attacks as soon as this past Sunday.
“Al-Zawahri is trying to micromanage” operations in Yemen, said a Yemeni official who requested anonymity when discussing intelligence matters. “Because there is nothing left in Pakistan, he is communicating a lot with AQAP.”
The intelligence prompted the State Department last week to close embassies, consulates and smaller diplomatic posts across much of the Middle East and parts of Africa, as well as issue a worldwide travel alert for U.S. citizens.
Officials say the threat has not waned, and the State Department has extended the closure of 19 diplomatic facilities through this week.
“They are trying to figure out now whether al-Qaida has decided to postpone the attack or has chosen a different target,” said Rep. Adam Schiff, D-Calif., a member of the House intelligence committee. “I don’t think they know with any specificity where or when the attacks may be.”
Schiff said intelligence officials “believe this is more specific, more credible and more action-oriented than mere aspirations to attack.”
The National Security Agency, which has been rocked by disclosures by former contractor Edward Snowden, intercepted the electronic messages in what appeared to be a rare security breach between the two senior al-Qaida leaders. Some lawmakers have cited the successful collection and analysis of the communications as evidence that the NSA’s surveillance programs must be preserved.
There is no indication that the NSA’s collection of nearly all U.S. telephone calling records, the most controversial program revealed by Snowden, played a role in intercepting the communications, officials said.
White House spokesman Jay Carney said Monday that the decision to close more than two dozen U.S. facilities reflected an “abundance of caution.”
An attack by armed extremists on a lightly guarded U.S. diplomatic facility in Benghazi, Libya, last Sept. 11, killed the American ambassador, an aide and two CIA contractors.
Some experts discount the likelihood of an attack succeeding against a U.S. embassy. Many are under constant threat, and defenses have been bolstered since the attacks 15 years ago this month on the embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. More than 200 people died in those bombings.
“The threat is emanating from and may be directed towards the Arabian Peninsula, but it is beyond that, potentially, and that is why we have taken some of the actions we’ve taken,” Carney said.
The White House has maintained that its counterterrorism efforts, including drone strikes, have gutted al-Qaida. Carney stressed that such claims referred only to the network’s “core” leadership based in Pakistan.
“Affiliate organizations, including in particular al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula, have strengthened,” Carney said.
Officials are particularly concerned about Ibrahim Asiri, a Saudi-born bomb maker living in Yemen who helped orchestrate several high-profile but unsuccessful plots in the past.