March 1, 2013 in Nation/World

Benedict leaves Vatican

Departing pope urges unity among cardinals choosing his successor
Henry Chu And Tom Kington Los Angeles Times

Pope Benedict XVI pledged obedience to his successor at a meeting of cardinals on his last day as pontiff on Thursday in Vatican City.
(Full-size photo)

Vacant seat

 BERLIN – Pope Benedict XVI’s resignation Thursday as head of the Roman Catholic Church marks the beginning of a period known as sede vacante – when the Holy See of Rome is vacant until the election of a new pope.

 Sede vacante is a Latin term that literally means “vacant seat.” This is the time when the office of the pope is not occupied.

 It is the interim period between the death of the head of the church – or in this case retirement – and the election of his successor.

 The pope sits on the Chair of St Peter. According to Catholic doctrine, the pope is the successor of the Apostle Peter. According to the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus of Nazareth was the first church leader.

 During sede vacante, the College of Cardinals leads the church. But its powers are limited to tasks and decisions that can’t be postponed. During this period, the pope’s laws cannot be amended.

 The interim administration of the church is taken over by a cardinal, referred to as the Camerlengo (chamberlain), who has three assistants.

 During the interregnum, special coins marking the period will be minted and special stamps issued.

 The College of Cardinals prepares for the election of the new pope.

 The last sede vacante started on April 2, 2005, with the death of Pope John Paul II, and ended on April 19 that year with the election of Benedict.


VATICAN CITY – The Swiss Guards vanished inside the palace to change out of their colorful garb, their responsibility to protect the pope over for the moment. The papal apartment in the Vatican was sealed. Pope Benedict XVI’s retirement had taken effect, propelling the Roman Catholic Church into a highly unusual and uncertain interregnum.

Benedict, the first pope to step down since the Middle Ages, met with senior prelates one last time earlier Thursday, urging them to unite and pledging to revere and obey the man chosen from their ranks to replace him.

The first step toward that end will take place Monday. The College of Cardinals is expected to hold its first meeting to decide the date of the conclave to select Benedict’s successor and to start hashing out the church’s priorities. About 115 of the red-hatted cardinals, the “princes” of the church, will cast their votes for the 266th pope.

The process of electing a new leader is likely to be fraught with subtle machinations among the cardinals and frenzied speculation by observers parsing their every move, a very human overlay on what is supposed to be a divinely inspired experience.

Some Vatican officials have expressed hope that a new pontiff will be installed by Easter Sunday, March 31, a timetable that would require the cardinals to reach consensus within a relatively short conclave. But others have warned against rushing matters, pleading for time to discuss the challenges facing the church and then to determine who is best equipped to tackle them.

When his nearly eight years as pope formally came to an end at 8 p.m., Benedict was already at the papal summer palace in the town of Castel Gandolfo south of Rome, where he will spend the first few weeks of his life as “pope emeritus.”

As his helicopter rose into the late-afternoon sky and buzzed over the Colosseum and other landmarks, the 85-year-old Benedict left behind weeping staff members, cheering well-wishers and a church beset by a crisis of authority in many parts of the world, an ongoing sexual abuse scandal and, now, a tense period of waiting.

At a farewell ceremony with the black-robed cardinals, Benedict said he would pray for God’s guidance in their choice of pope.

He also pledged allegiance to his eventual successor, in an apparent attempt to allay fears of conflicted loyalties in the church’s ranks because of the presence of both a reigning and a retired pope within the Vatican’s walls. After his respite at Castel Gandolfo, Benedict will move into a renovated nunnery in the Vatican Gardens, a stone’s throw from the papal apartment he used to occupy.

“I will continue to be near to you in prayer, especially in the coming days, so that you may be fully docile to the Holy Spirit’s action in electing the new pope,” the pontiff said. “Among you is the future pope, to whom I already today promise my unconditional reverence and obedience.”

Benedict urged the cardinals to deepen their unity and harmony “like an orchestra.” Critics have portrayed the Vatican as an institution riven by backbiting and corruption.

Before leaving the Vatican, Benedict issued his last tweet as pope: “Thank you for your love and support. May you always experience the joy that comes from putting Christ at the center of your lives.”

But in a 21st-century sign of continuity for an ancient institution, the papal Twitter account will be left open for Benedict’s successor.

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