May 2, 2013 in City, Idaho, Nation/World

Dry winter increases wildfire risk

Officials say conditions in West similar to last season’s
John Miller Associated Press
 
Associated Press photo

Riverside County firefighters working hose lines are engulfed in smoke as they battle a brush fire burning in the hills above Banning, Calif., on Wednesday. Only 40 percent of normal precipitation fell in California last winter, and the state has had little spring rain.
(Full-size photo)

Idaho pummeled in ’12

Idaho is coming off one of its worst fire seasons, with 1,151 wildfires tallied and a nation-leading 1.7 million acres, or 2,600 square miles, burned in 2012.

BOISE – Two small but unseasonably early fires burning in northern California’s wine country and another wind-whipped blaze farther south likely are harbingers of a nasty summer fire season across the West.

Officials with the National Interagency Fire Center in Boise said Wednesday in their first 2013 summer fire outlook that a dry winter and expected warming trend mean the potential for significant fire activity will be above normal on the West Coast, in the Southwest, and in portions of Idaho and Montana.

“We’re looking at a combination of a low-moisture winter and a warming and drying pattern in the West that will increase the fire potential,” said Ed Delgado, predictive services manager.

If that sounds familiar to the region’s residents, it should.

In 2012, record-setting fires raged in New Mexico and Oregon, while destructive Colorado blazes torched hundreds of homes amid one of the state’s worst seasons in years.

Just like last year, Colorado experienced some of its first 2013 wildfires in March.

Outside the West, however, much of the U.S. is expected to experience normal fire conditions, with below-normal danger in the South where significant, long-duration rains have saturated the landscape since Jan. 1, Delgado said.

In California, wine-producing Napa and Sonoma counties experienced early-season blazes Wednesday, as warm temperatures, low humidity and gusting winds through already-dry foothills areas east and north of San Francisco led to warnings of extreme wildfire conditions.

Both were more than half-contained, according to crews.

And a fast-moving fire east of Los Angeles grew Wednesday afternoon to at least 1,500 acres near Banning in the San Bernardino Mountains, where winds from the east were blowing at nearly 30 mph. Some evacuations were ordered.

Evacuations were ordered for residences on two streets, but the number of people was not immediately known. A KCAL-TV helicopter showed at least one structure engulfed by flames.

The culprit behind a California fire season that’s a month ahead of schedule? A winter where only 40 percent of normal precipitation fell and a scant spring rain that typically greens up hillsides and pushes fires back into summer.

California’s “precipitation pretty much shut off at the beginning of the year,” NIFC wildland fire analyst Jeremy Sullens said during a telephone conference with reporters. “Since they’re not expecting a lot more precipitation for the remainder of the summer, conditions are going to worsen as we go into the hotter part of the year.”

In Arizona, a nearly square-mile wildfire near the Chino Valley had state forestry officials busy Tuesday, as the fire rolled through grass and brush. The National Interagency Fire Center says there’s likely more to come across the Southwest.

“Above normal significant fire potential will develop across much of the southern halves of New Mexico and Arizona in May,” the report concluded.

In Northwestern states, cool temperatures and rain in April mean May will be mostly quiet. That could change quickly.

“Warmer and drier conditions beginning in June will quickly elevate significant wildland fire potential to above normal across southern and eastern Oregon and portions of south-central and southeastern Washington,” the fire center said.

And in the Northern Rockies including Idaho and Montana, fire danger is forecast at near normal through May and June, before escalating in July and August to above-normal potential.

Idaho is also coming off one of its worst fire seasons in 2012, with 1,151 wildfires tallied and a nation-leading 1.7 million acres, or 2,600 square miles, burned.

Nevada also is in the grip of a drought, but persistent lack of moisture has stunted fuel growth, Sullens said.

The same goes for southeastern Oregon’s open ranching country, where massive range fires last year torched great swaths of ground, including the state’s biggest blaze in a century, July’s Long Draw fire.

“There’s still a potential, but it’s less than it was last year,” Sullens predicted. “Nevada isn’t really included in the above-normal fire potential.”

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