October 26, 2013 in Business

Boeing, Lockheed Martin team up to bid for U.S. bomber contract

Dominic Gates Seattle Times
 
File photo

The creation of the B-2 Stealth, seen here at Fairchild Air Force Base in 2010, was a debacle for the U.S. government, costing $45 billion for just 21 bombers. The Department of Defense is looking to replace the plane with a more cost-effective option, and Boeing and Lockheed Martin are looking to work together to create that replacement.
(Full-size photo)

The best of both

The Boeing-Lockheed Martin bomber is expected to combine the stealth capabilities of the B-2 stealth bomber and the advanced electronics of the F-22 fighter jet.

SEATTLE – Boeing said Friday it has renewed its previously suspended partnership with Lockheed Martin to prepare a bid to build the next-generation long-range bomber for the Air Force.

The $55 billion bomber program aims to develop a long-range strike aircraft to replace the B-2 Spirit stealth bomber.

Air Force spokesman Ed Gulick said the Pentagon wants the initial aircraft in the mid-2020s. The Pentagon will order 100, he said, implying a price tag of $550 million per bomber.

The first version of the bomber will be piloted, Gulick said, “but it will be provisioned to enable future unmanned capability.”

The Pentagon’s precise requirements are classified, he said.

The agreement between the two defense giants names Boeing as the prime contractor and Lockheed Martin as the primary teammate.

The two companies first announced a partnership to go after the Air Force’s future long-range strike requirement in January 2008, with a declared target to provide the bomber capability by 2018.

However, in 2010 the two suspended their partnership after the Pentagon put the bomber program on indefinite hold.

Now, despite the current budget squeeze, the Defense Department wants to get things moving again.

“The partnership has been reignited and restructured to fit the current requirements of the Air Force program,” Boeing spokesman Todd Blecher said. “We didn’t just hit the pause button and then play. The program requirements have evolved and the way this team will work has evolved.”

In the past, big Pentagon procurement programs have led to ballooning costs and huge delays in getting weapons systems operational.

The B-2 stealth bomber, the most advanced long-range bomber now available, started as a classified program in the late 1970s and first flew in 1989.

It cost about $45 billion to develop and build just 21 of those bombers, according to the U.S. Government Accountability Office.

The most expensive weapons program ever, Lockheed Martin’s F-35 joint strike fighter, is as much as $160 billion over the original budget, and a dozen years after Lockheed won the contract, the initial jets are not yet deployable in combat.

As a result of such fiascos, Gulick said there’s been a shift in Air Force procurement thinking that now emphasizes cost as a driving factor, as well as the need to keep technological requirements in check.

“We need to minimize new development and allow integration of mature technologies and proven existing systems,” he said. “That will reduce risk.”

The new bomber is expected to combine stealth technologies from the B-2 bomber and the advanced electronic warfare sensors of the F-22 jet fighter.

Boeing was a major subcontractor to Northrop Grumman on the B-2 and was a partner with Lockheed on the F-22.

Dennis Muilenburg, chief executive of Boeing’s defense division, said in a statement that the two companies can “reduce development risk by leveraging mature technologies and integrating existing systems.”

The avoidance of risk is what’s behind the shift in thinking from 2006, when the Air Force wanted a new bomber that could be either manned or unmanned depending on the mission.

“The first aircraft will be designed for manned flight only when it comes out,” Gulick said. “As time progresses, we’ll complete everything to make it unmanned.

“It’s better to get something fielded and upgrade it later, rather than hold everything up,” Gulick said. “Let’s make an initial aircraft buy, keep it simple, get it built.”

Technology that Boeing developed for its Phantom Ray – a stealth strike drone about the size of a small jet fighter aircraft – could potentially be scaled up for a bomber program.

It’s likely Northrop, which designed the B-2 and whose unmanned stealth drone beat out Boeing’s prototype for a Navy contract in 2007, will also compete for the bomber contract.

“We’re assuming it will be a competition,” said Boeing’s Blecher.


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