June 24, 2014 in City

Patient injuries, infections lead to Medicare sanctions

Jordan Rau Kaiser Health News

Deaconess may face penalty

Spokane’s Deaconess Hospital appears on a list of nearly 200 hospitals that could face a government penalty due to their high rate of infections and complications.

The penalty would amount to a 1 percent reduction in the hospital’s payment revenue from Medicare over 12 months starting in October. During 2012, Deaconess reported Medicare revenue totaling $90.7 million. One percent of that amount would equal $907,000.

The federal government measures hospitals’ problems with infections and complications on a scale of 1 to 10, with 10 being worst. Deaconess was rated 9.675.

Only one other Washington state hospital received a rating of 9 or higher: Samaritan Hospital in Moses Lake, rated 9.

Ratings for other area hospitals included these:

Providence Sacred Heart, 8.35.

Swedish, Seattle, 7.725.

Harborview, Seattle, 7.7.

Kadlec, Richland, 6.75.

Providence Holy Family, 6.65.

Kootenai Health, 5.325.

Valley Hospital, 5.075.

University of Washington Medical Center, 4.3.

Deaconess spokeswoman Sasha Weiler issued this statement in response to the hospital’s ranking on Medicare’s list:

“Deaconess Hospital places great emphasis on continuous quality improvement across our organization… We have achieved 100 percent compliance in many core measures and we are continuing our work to improve in all areas. We have worked diligently to successfully reduce or eliminate the incidence of hospital acquired conditions such as pressure ulcers and selected infections due to medical care and post-operative hip fracture… Through the collaboration between employees and medical staff and consistent attention to processes of care, we are confident that we will see continued improvement in future reports.”

—John Webster

During a hernia operation, Dorothea Handron’s surgeon unknowingly pierced her bowel. It took five days for doctors to determine she had an infection. By the time they operated on her again, she was so weakened that she was placed in a medically induced coma at Vidant Medical Center in Greenville, North Carolina.

Because of complications like Handron’s, Vidant, an academic medical center in eastern North Carolina, is likely to have its Medicare payments docked this fall through the government’s toughest effort yet to crack down on infections and other patient injuries, federal records show.

A quarter of the nation’s hospitals – those with the worst rates – will lose 1 percent of every Medicare payment for a year starting in October. In April, federal officials released a preliminary analysis of which hospitals would be assessed, identifying 761. When Medicare sets final penalties later this year, that list may change because the government will be looking at performance over a longer period than it used to calculate the draft penalties.

The sanctions, estimated to total $330 million over a year, kick in at a time when most infections measured in hospitals are on the decline, but still too common. In 2012, one out of every eight patients nationally suffered a potentially avoidable complication during a hospital stay, the government estimates.

Medicare’s penalties are going to hit some types of hospitals harder than others, according to an analysis of the preliminary penalties conducted for Kaiser Health News by Dr. Ashish Jha, a professor at the Harvard School of Public Health. Publicly owned hospitals and those that treat large portions of low-income patients are more likely to be assessed penalties. So are large hospitals, hospitals in cities and those in the West and Northeast.

The biggest impact may be on the nation’s major teaching hospitals: 54 percent were marked for preliminary penalties, Jha found. Leah Binder, CEO of The Leapfrog Group, a patient safety organization, said academic medical centers have such a diverse mix of specialists and competing priorities of research and training residents that safety is not always at the forefront. But the Association of American Medical Colleges and some experts question whether current measures to calculate infection rates are precise enough. “Do we really believe that large academic medical centers are providing such drastically worse care, or is it that we just haven’t gotten our metrics right?” Jha said. “I suspect it’s the latter.”

Third leg of pay-for-performance

The Hospital-Acquired Condition (HAC) Reduction Program, created by the 2010 health law, is the third of the federal health law’s major mandatory pay-for-performance programs for hospitals. The first levies penalties against hospitals with high readmission rates and the second awards bonuses or penalties based on two dozen quality measures. Both are in their second year.

In the first year of the HAC penalties, Medicare will look at three measures. One is the frequency of bloodstream infections in patients with catheters inserted into a major vein to deliver antibiotics, nutrients, chemotherapy or other treatments. The second is the rates of infections from catheters inserted into the bladder to drain urine. Both those assessments will be based on infections during 2012 and 2013.

Finally, Medicare will examine a variety of avoidable safety problems in patients that occurred from July 2011 through June 2013, including bedsores, hip fractures, blood clots and accidental lung punctures. Over the next few years, Medicare will also factor in surgical site infections and infection rates from two germs that are resistant to antibiotic treatments: Clostridium difficile, known as C. diff, and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, known as MRSA.

This article was produced by Kaiser Health News with support from The SCAN Foundation.

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