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Human history fed by wheat

Ancient Egyptian stone carving, at the Temple of Horus, of a priest carrying stalks of wheat. (istock / Getty Images/iStockphoto)
Ancient Egyptian stone carving, at the Temple of Horus, of a priest carrying stalks of wheat. (istock / Getty Images/iStockphoto)

Wheat just might be the most important plant in human history.

Ancient peoples picked it wild when it was ripe in late summer.

Some historians peg the first wheat cultivation to about 10,000-12,000 years ago in what is called the Fertile Crescent of the Middle East.

In some cultures the grain, plentiful and rich in carbohydrates, was fermented and turned into a brew.

The Egyptians baked wheat breads 5,000 years ago – before they built the pyramids, according materials in the British Museum

And in China wheat was turned into noodles during ancient times.

The spread of this life-sustaining plant – referred to as the staff of life – allowed farms, and thus cities, to flourish.

Early agriculture scientists began crossing different kinds of wheat into varieties best suited for particular uses, according to research published in the book “The Origins and Spread of Domestic Plants in Southwest Asia and Europe.”

Ancient Greek philosopher Socrates is often quoted as saying something akin to: “No man qualifies as a statesman who is entirely ignorant on the problems of wheat.”

Going through growing grains

Wheat is one of Washington’s most valuable farm products, ranked among apples, milk, cattle and potatoes. Roughly 2.3 million acres in the state are put into wheat production each year. The industry employs thousands of Washingtonians and contributes hundreds of millions of dollars to the state’s economy. | READ MORE »

In North America, wheat has been grown commercially since the 1800s, when settlers pushed into the Great Plains.

In Washington state, wheat was first planted at Fort Vancouver in 1825.

Within 60 years, wheat was being grown across the rich, rolling hills of Eastern Washington, allowing small towns to spring up across the region and large cities and towns such as Spokane to grow into trading hubs.

Today Washington ranks as the fifth-largest wheat producer in the United States, according to the Washington Grain Commission. Farmers export most of their crop to 60 countries, including some that is shipped right back to the Middle East and Egypt, where this grass was first cultivated.

A day in the fields at WSU

On a gray morning in the middle of June, more than 100 farmers, scientists and wheat industry leaders gathered at Washington State University’s dryland Research Station, a cluster of fields and test facilities spanning more than 1,300 acres in Adams County. | READ MORE »


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