WASHINGTON – A prominent Republican senator on Thursday urged U.S. competition regulators to reopen an investigation into Google and its practices in online search and digital advertising.
Google not only enjoys a “dominant position” in the search marketplace, said Sen. Orrin Hatch of Utah, but the tech company has only expanded its reach since 2013, when the Federal Trade Commission closed a probe into Google without launching a major enforcement action.
In a letter to the FTC, Hatch – a member of the Senate Judiciary Committee and its antitrust subcommittee – asked the agency to “consider the competitive effects of Google’s conduct” in light of what he said were “disquieting” reports of potentially harmful behavior by the search giant.
The letter raises the stakes of a difficult week for Google, which came under fire from President Donald Trump on Tuesday when he tweeted allegations that the company is biased against conservative media and hinted that his administration could take action against the company. Google has denied the accusations. It did not immediately respond to a request for comment Thursday.
Hatch’s letter does not openly reiterate Trump’s charges. But it cites unnamed reports claiming that “Google has, on occasion, decided to remove from its platforms legal businesses that the company apparently does not agree with.” Hatch also cited a “60 Minutes” segment covering Google’s size and role in the Internet ecosystem.
More broadly, Hatch said, Google’s practice of collecting data on consumers across its Android operating system and email products has raised compelling privacy concerns.
The FTC didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.
Google is also facing pressure from other lawmakers who have invited the company’s chief executive, Sundar Pichai, to testify next Wednesday before the Senate Intelligence Committee. Although Google offered to send its general counsel, Kent Walker, the company has declined to make Pichai available, prompting the committee to request that co-founder Larry Page appear. Sen. Mark Warner said Wednesday on CNBC that the hearing examining the practices of Facebook, Twitter and Google may proceed with “an empty chair” if Google does not send a “senior decisionmaker.”
Thursday’s letter strikes a starkly different tone from a speech Hatch gave just over a year ago, when he cited Google to back up an argument against heavy-handed antitrust enforcement.
“Across the Atlantic, our friends in the European Union have levied a massive fine against Google for anticompetitive conduct,” Hatch said at the time. While he declined to opine on the merits of the European Union’s fine, Hatch said it was imperative that the United States consider the consumer benefits of Google’s behavior.
“The ultimate inquiry should be whether consumers are better off as a result of Google’s actions,” he said.
Hatch now appears to have concluded in the negative.
Subscribe to the Morning Review newsletter
Get the day's top headlines delivered to your inbox every morning by subscribing to our newsletter