TOKYO – Japanese Emperor Akihito is to relinquish the Chrysanthemum throne Tuesday, ending his 30-year reign in the country’s first abdication in about 200 years.
The government is scheduled to hold a ceremony at the Imperial Palace in central Tokyo at 5 p.m. to be attended by about 300 people, including other imperial family members, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Cabinet ministers.
“Ever since ascending the throne as emperor and to this day, I have spent my days praying for peace in the country and for the happiness of the people and thinking about my role as the symbol of the state,” the 85-year-old emperor said at an event in February, marking the 30th anniversary of his accession to the throne.
“I have been able to fulfill my duties thanks to the people of Japan, whose symbol of unity I take pride and joy in being,” he added.
The emperor and Empress Michiko will become emperor emeritus and empress emerita following the abdication, the Imperial Household Agency said.
The couple will not attend a second ceremony Wednesday, which will mark 59-year-old Crown Prince Naruhito’s ascendance to the throne.
The imperial succession will mark the beginning of a new era for Japan, which lays claim to the world’s oldest monarchy.
The Japanese public will have a chance to meet the new emperor, his wife, Empress Masako, 55, and other imperial family members Saturday, when they appear on a palace balcony, the agency said.
In mid-March, Emperor Akihito kicked off a series of ceremonies and rituals for his abdication, including his travel to the mausoleum of Japan’s legendary first leader, Emperor Jimmu, in the western city of Kashihara.
On their last trip outside Tokyo earlier this month, the emperor and the empress offered prayers at the Ise Jingu ancient Shinto shrine in central Japan. The shrine is dedicated to the sun goddess Amaterasu Omikami, the imperial family’s ancestral deity.
A week ago, the couple visited the tomb of Emperor Hirohito, Akihito’s father, in the Musashino Imperial Graveyard in the western part of Tokyo.
Akihito assumed the throne on Jan. 8, 1989, at the age of 55, following the death of Emperor Hirohito, in whose name Japan fought and lost World War II.
In a rare video message in August 2016, Emperor Akihito indicated his desire to renounce the throne, citing concerns that his advanced age and frail health could prevent him from fulfilling his official duties as the symbol of the state.
Since the emperor does not hold any political authority, he cannot discuss abdication directly. Japan’s parliament enacted one-off legislation in June 2017 allowing him to abdicate.
Japan’s imperial family claims the longest hereditary lineage in the world, stretching back more than 2,600 years, according to the government. However, the existence of legendary figures such as Emperor Jimmu has been contested.
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