Latest from The Spokesman-Review
WILDLIFE WATCHING — Although the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services fudges on the issue, the mountain caribou is the rarest big game species in the United States and therefore the most endangered.
So capturing a photo of a Selkirk mountain caribou isn't just a big deal, says Kalispel Tribe wildlife biologist Bart George — It's “The Holy Grail for trail cam pictures!”
That is, if Sasquatch isn't.
WILDLIFE WATCHING — Moose in wild and not-so-wild areas are popular subjects for in Inland Northwest shutterbugs, as one can see in a glance on our Readers' Outdoor Photo Gallery.
But some neighborhoods are more oriented to family living than others.
“This moose family visits us frequently in the Ponderosa neighborhood,” said Bob Fulton as he emailed the photo.
WILDLIFE — Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife workers used helicopter net gunners Wednesday to capture eight infected bighorn ewes along the Grande Ronde River.
The wild sheep are to be transported to a South Dakota State University facility for research on pneumonia outbreaks that have been deadly to the bighorn sheep in the Hell's Canyon area as well as in the Yakima River area and in Montana.
Here's more detail on the capture and research project from Eric Barker of the Lewiston Tribune:
Bighorn sheep near Heller Bar infected with a newly discovered strain of the deadly pneumonia bacteria that has plagued wild sheep herds for decades will be captured and taken to a South Dakota research facility this week.
The capture is designed to prevent the spread of the new strain, which is killing both adults and lambs, to other nearby herds.
The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and Idaho Department of Fish and Game plan to use a helicopter to capture eight ewes that are an isolated subgroup to the Black Butte Herd. They will be trucked to South Dakota State University, where scientists are studying the disease. Any sheep that can’t be captured will be euthanized, according to a news release from the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.
The larger Black Butte Herd was initially infected with the bacteria, which causes pneumonia, in a 1995 outbreak that was traced to contact between bighorn sheep and a domestic goat. Die-offs of bighorn sheep throughout the West have followed contact between wild sheep and domestic goats and domestic sheep.
The 1995 outbreak led to mass die-offs of wild sheep throughout the Hells Canyon region.
In general, animals that survived the initial outbreak have been able to live normal lives and reproduce. But their lambs often suffer high rates of mortality year after year.
The new strain, discovered this summer, appears to be more deadly. Rich Harris, manager of sheep, goats and moose for the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife at Olympia, said adult sheep that have previously been exposed to the mycoplasma ovipneumoniae bacteria are dying from the new strain. Wildlife managers want to remove animals exposed to the bacteria prior to the onset of the bighorn mating period, which begins later this month. Rams travel beyond their normal home ranges while looking for mates during that rut, leaving open the possibility that a ram could mate with the ewes and then carry the new strain to other herds. Harris said the new strain has not been detected in sheep outside of the ewes living near Heller Bar.
“We believe these ewes are not only a remnant population with little chance of recovery, but a threat to other bighorn herds throughout Hells Canyon,” Harris said.
The new strain was identified by researchers at Washington State University. Harris said the bacteria has no adverse effects on humans and there is little risk to other animals.
Wildlife managers don’t know where the new strain came from or if there has been new contact between wild sheep and domestic sheep or goats.
WILDLIFE – State wildlife officials plan to capture and remove eight bighorn ewes in southeast Washington this week to curb the spread of a bacteria deadly to other wild sheep in the area.
A contractor for the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) and Idaho Department of Fish and Game will attempt to capture the animals near the confluence of the Grande Ronde and Snake rivers in southeast Asotin County using nets launched from a helicopter, Washington officials just announced in a media release.
The sheep will be transported in slings under the helicopter to a staging area near Heller Bar on the Snake River, and then loaded into a trailer.
The sheep will be taken to a captive facility at South Dakota State University where bighorn research is already under way to learn more about how to manage the bacterium Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae that causes fatal pneumonia in susceptible bighorns.
Any animals evading live capture will be euthanized, officials said.
Rich Harris, wildlife manager for WDFW, said the bacteria has no adverse effects on humans and there are no appreciable risks of exposing other animals during the capture and transport operation because it has poor survival beyond the respiratory system of sheep and goats.
“We believe these ewes are not only a remnant population with little chance of recovery, but a threat to other bighorn herds throughout Hells Canyon,” Harris said.
The sheep are a subgroup of the Black Butte herd, said Harris. The Black Butte herd historically included as many as 215 animals — including Washington's largest rams.
But it has suffered from pneumonia-related poor lamb survival on and off since an all-age outbreak in 1995 reduced the herd significantly. The ongoing pneumonia in lambs has prevented population recovery.
Over the past 20 years, bighorn sheep in the Hells Canyon region along both sides of the Snake River have suffered from pneumonia.
Typically adult bighorns surviving initial outbreaks of bacterial pneumonia have normal survival and reproduction, but few lambs survive to adulthood.
Researchers this summer discovered that in addition to 100 percent mortality in lambs, many of the relatively isolated ewes in the portion of the Black Butte herd range showed signs of pneumonia. Analyses conducted by the Washington State University diagnostic laboratory revealed that these ewes and their deceased lambs had contracted a new strain of the bacteria that appears to kill bighorns regardless of their prior exposure.
Harris said the inter-agency decision was made to remove the sheep now to keep them from spreading the bacteria to other animals during the mating season, which begins later this month.
Past outbreaks among bighorn sheep in Washington and other parts of the western United States have been linked to contact between wild sheep and domestic sheep or goats. These domestic animals carry Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae but are unaffected by the bacteria.
The outbreak of the Black Butte herd in 1995 is believed to have originated from contact with a domestic goat. It is unknown at this time if there has been additional contact between domestic goats or sheep and the Black Butte bighorns.
Gallo shot the animal, often called an antelope, in Socorro County, New Mexico, in September 2013. It's official score is 96 4/8 Boone and Crockett points
The buck surpassed the existing record — which was a tie of 95 points held for more than a decade ago by two pronghorns taken in Arizona — by 1 1/2 inches. That's a huge margin. In fact, it's the widest margin between any of B&C’s 3,400 entries for trophy pronghorn.
The left horn of the new record antelope measures 18 4/8 inches, and the right horn measures 18 3/8 inches. The prongs measure 7 inches on the right and 6 5/8 inches on the left.
“Records reflect success in big game conservation,” said Richard Hale, chairman of the Club’s Records of North American Big Game Committee, in a press release. “Remember, the pronghorn was once nearly lost, much like the bison, until sportsmen led an era of wildlife recovery. Now the species is flourishing. And the fact that such incredible specimens exist today says a lot about how far we have come, and how bright the future might be.”
Gallo isn't a stranger to the record books. In addition to the world record, he has killed the top three pronghorns in New Mexico.
New Mexico is second in pronghorn entries in Boone and Crockett records, with 627. Wyoming is first, with 1,154.
WILDLIFE WATCHING — Montana outdoor photographer Jaimie Johnson caught this bull moose last week feeding among autumn colors.
The moose, the largest member of the deer family in North America, is in the final stages of rubbing velvet off the huge antlers its grown since spring — a ridiculously short period for developing two massive bones that likely weigh around 15 pounds apiece.
WILDLIFE WATCHING — The Blue Mountains delivered a Yellowstone-like wildlife watching experience for hiker Ken Vanden Heuvel of Newman Lake last weekend.
He was solo hiking one of the ridge trails that lead into the Wenaha-Tucannon Wilderness when he came across a herd of elk — at least 46 cows, yearlings and calves.
I cropped in on the left portion of Ken's main photo for a blow-up shot of the left portion of the herd where at least 12 calves were concentrated for protection.
“When they came back up the ridge in front of me, the calves were whining,” Ken said, noting that he held still to watch the spectacle. “As I waited for them to cross, a few of the calves were nursing.”
A few weeks ago, the cows were all off on their own delivering their young of the year. As soon as the calves were strong enough, they joined up with other cows and yearlings for strength in numbers — more eyes and ears to help detect danger from predators.
This looks like a good crop.
The bulls, by the way, are off on their own — until September.
WILDLIFE — A proposed plan for managing game animals in Washington will be presented in a public meeting starting at 7 p.m. on Thursday, June 19, at the Double Tree by Hilton Spokane City Center, 322 N. Spokane Falls Court.
The plan will help Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife officials guide management of species from deer to wolves.
- See the draft plan and post proposals on WDFW’s website.
- Comment on key aspects of the six-year plan with an online survey through July 18.
Key issues considered in the draft plan include:
- Promoting hunter recruitment and retention;
- Managing predator/prey relationships;
- Maintaining hunter access to timberlands;
- Managing wolves after they are no longer classified as an endangered species; and
- Possible new rules requiring the use of non-toxic shot.
Final recommendations for the six-year plan will be presented to the Washington Fish and Wildlife Commission for a public hearing in August and adoption in September.
Also in August, the agency will hold meetings on possible changes in Washington’s hunting rules for the 2015-17 seasons.
- Proposals for hunting rules and seasons can be filed today through July 18 on the agency’s website here.
HUNTING — The public is getting a chance to help shape the Washington's game management plan at a series of public “open house” meetings scheduled by the Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) this month.
The public can also comment on key aspects of the six-year plan via an on-line survey, from today through July 18.
The meetings are scheduled to run in Eastern Washington from 7 p.m.-9 p.m. as follows:
- June 17 – Wenatchee, Red Lion Inn Wenatchee , 1225 N. Wenatchee Ave.
- June 18 – Kennewick, Red Lion Inn Kennewick, N. 1101 Columbia Center Blvd.
- June 19 – Spokane, Double Tree by Hilton Spokane City Center, 322 N. Spokane Falls Court..
Once adopted, the plan will be used by WDFW to guide development of hunting seasons and other management policies in future years, said Dave Ware, WDFW game program manager.
“We want to hear people’s concerns, especially those that address significant conservation or management issues,” he said.
- Key issues in the draft plan include:
- Hunter recruitment and retention.
- Hunter access to timberlands.
- Possible new rules requiring the use of non-toxic shot.
- New proposals for managing predator/prey relationships.
- Developing a plan to manage wolves after they are no longer classified as an endangered species.
Ware said comments received at the public meetings and from the online survey will be used to develop additional recommendations, which will be available for further review.
Final recommendations will be presented to the Washington Fish and Wildlife Commission for a public hearing in August and adoption in September.
WILDLIFE WATCHING — A wildlife population explosion takes place around this time every year and anyone can stumble onto a baby critter virtually anywhere outside.
“Wild bird and mammal species typically produce young in the spring and early summer,” says Phil Cooper of the Idaho Fish and Game Department. “This allows the young to have time to gain the strength and size needed to survive the challenges of winter, or the rigors and dangers of fall migration.”
Wildlife managers make little attempt to hover and protect individual fawns and calves being born to deer, elk and moose this spring. Nature is geared to some surviving and some perishing to the benefit of other wildlife.
Wild animal newborns are particularly vulnerable to predators in the first few days of life until they are able to run or fly well enough to escape predation.
Predators such as wolves, mountain lions, bears, bobcats, eagles, raccoons, skunks, weasels and other species need to eat to survive. Nature provides for them.
But nature shouldn't have to provide for domestic dogs and cats.
Pet owners can reduce wildlife injury or death to wild newborns during this critical period by keeping pets confined. Although pets may have plenty of food available, their predatory instincts can take over when allowed to run at large.
People also can help young wildlife by leaving them alone.
Every spring, fish and wildlife agencies around the region receive several calls a day about deer fawns that people see, with no doe visible in the surrounding area, Cooper said. Callers are often convinced that the fawn has been injured, abandoned or orphaned.
“While fawns are occasionally injured or orphaned, they are never abandoned,” he said. “An adult doe has extremely strong parenting instincts and will not abandon a fawn.”
Wild parents often leave their offspring for long periods while they hunt or gather food. A doe can leave her fawn hidden in the grass for eight hours until she determines the time is right to return and nurse.
Hanging around a fawn or calf you might discover in the field likely will likely push a doe or cow farther away and deter it from returning.
“IDFG has had fawns brought in by people who say, 'I stayed there and watched it all day, and the doe never came back,'” Cooper said. “Without realizing it, the presence of a person likely kept the doe in hiding.”
“If you find a seriously injured animal; or, in those extremely rare instances where you know with certainty that a wild animal has lost its parent, intervention may be appropriate. Contact the Idaho Department of Fish and Game for instructions on the next step.”
It is illegal to confiscate young wildlife and attempt to raise them on your own, he said, noting that cute babies can become a burden or a danger to people as they mature.
WILDLIFE WATCHING — “Only in Alaska,” says Levi Perry in posting a YouTube video of a cow moose giving birth to twins — in the backyard of his girlfriend's home on the east-side of Anchorage.
The video captured Sunday by Victoria Hickey and Sarah Lochner recaps the birth of one calf and the loving attention of the mother to clean up the youngster. Minutes later you realize that while she was tending to the first-born, she was nonchalantly giving birth to the second calf.
It only takes minutes for her to get them looking clean. The little ones waste no time testing their legs and moving in for dinner.
Tiz the season of renewal! Wildlife watching at its best.
WILDLIFE WATCHING — Last week, Wyoming researchers released their report on the longest mule deer migration in the world, which was happening virtually unrealized for who knows how long.
This amazing short video, using remote camera photography, illustrates the man-made obstacles these mule deer must endure to continue this historic 150-mile route each year from summer to winter range.
We should think about this Wyoming Migration Project every time we put up a fence or build a road.
WILDLIFE WATCHING — Migrations are the topic of this week's wildlife story series Idaho Fish and Game is presenting online during the department's 75th anniversary observance.
In Part 1 of the three-part post of “reminders” on migrations, the department notes that mammal movements can be tracked, in part, by roadkill.
And while there are plenty of carcasses to remind us that wildlife is moving along North Idaho roads, the Panhandle's toll doesn't rank close to the carnage found along highways in other portions of the state. Here's the first part of the IFG migrations post to raise awareness about issues facing wildlife:
Mammals do it. Birds and fish do it. Even insects do it.
They migrate as part of their inborn strategy for survival, and the arrival of winter triggers a massive migration of all kinds of wildlife.
They may travel a thousand miles or a few feet. The distance is not what defines migration; it’s that animals move between habitats during the year to survive. They may move for many reasons – to find food, breed or raise their young. Migration is a tool they use when a habitat no longer meets their needs.
Migration patterns and routes are ancient and have been influenced by the natural features of the land, water and air. The same natural features that foster wildlife movement are also attractive to human activities. Roads bisect open spaces. Wind turbines pop up on ridgelines. Dams block rivers. Communication towers light up the night sky. Houses are built in key habitat. And human structures frequently become problems for migrating wildlife.
Wildlife and vehicle collisions are the most visible conflict between migrating wildlife and roads. More than 5,000 deer, elk and moose were killed by cars on Idaho’s roads in 2011.
Information is gathered through a Road Kill database.
In known hotspots around Idaho up to 100 or more animals are killed crossing roads every year. Some of these include:
- Interstate 15, between Pocatello and Inkom, cuts through a major deer migration corridor.
- Highway 75 north of Salmon, where 55 bighorn sheep have been killed since 1986.
- Highway 30, from east of Montpelier to Wyoming, where up to 6,000 deer and elk cross the road, has one of the worst wildlife road mortality rates in southeast Idaho.
- Highway 20 in the Island Park area is known for collisions with elk and moose.
- Highway 95 from the Canadian border to just south of Coeur d’Alene where 900 animals, most of them white-tailed deer, were hit by cars in 2011.
- Highway 21 northeast of Boise repeatedly crosses the primary migration route of up to 9,000 deer and elk in the Boise Mountains. Hundreds of deer and elk are hit every winter along this road.
Sometimes money, talent and motivation score a win for wildlife. Examples include the wildlife underpass on Highway 21 outside of Boise, another underpass recently built into Highway 95 just north of Coeur d’Alene, and wildlife fencing along Interstate 15 outside of Pocatello.
Tomorrow, Part 2: Fish.
HUNTING — A mess of elk were slaughtered or wounded in a youth elk hunt that was marred by greedy adults last week in the Bitterroot Valley south of Missoula
The story by the Ravali Republic is among the saddest reports on sport hunting I've read all year.
Click “continue reading” and check it out if you want to ruin your day.
HUNTING — There's sad news in this comment by Capt. Dan Rahn in the weekly Washington Fish and Wildlife police report for far-eastern Washington following the opening weekend of elk hunting season:
Every officer commented on the overall decline in hunter numbers combined with an apparent aging of the hunter population as a whole.
On the other hand, it's good news for the hunters who continue to pursue elk — less competition overall, and especially in the hard-hunting spots where many elk tend to hide during the season.
HUNTING — Congratulations! You finally killed that trophy specimen that eluded you for many seasons and countless hunts. You made celebratory stops at your buddy’s house and then the local meat processor. The taxidermist is next. But, unlike your previous hunts, this time there’s another consideration—entering your trophy into the Boone and Crockett Club’s records book.
The Boone and Crockett Club records program is the only North American harvest data system that collects information on all species of free-ranging native North American big game taken in fair chase.
Getting listed in the world’s most distinguished hunting-records book involves official measuring, paperwork and a $40 processing fee, all detailed at www.boone-crockett.org, but the rewards are considerable.
Read on for the club's top five reasons to enter a trophy in “the book.”
HUNTING — “Did you get your elk?” a colleague asked this morning as I returned to the office after eight days away in the Blue Mountains.
“Yes,” I nodded enthusiastically.
“How many?” my co-worker continued.
I grimaced slightly.
“I'm not a hunter,” he noted.
WILDLIFE — Most hunters know the difference, but in casual conversation it's not uncommon to hear reference to something like a bull elk with “horns” that raked the sky. An elk has antlers, but the colloquial term “horns” rolls easier off the tongue.
Nevertheless, even sportsmen have misconceptions about what it takes to grow antlers and why not every deer and elk that reaches maturity will sport massive headgear, according to Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks biologists.
Here are some basics.
Antlers grow on male members of the deer family, including deer, elk and moose. They fall off each year during winter and grow back during spring and summer.
Horns are permanent growing features on the heads of mountain goats, bighorn sheep and bison.
- Male and female caribou, which are in the deer family, both have antlers.
- Antelope have horns but they shed the outer covering or sheath each year.
Genetics and nutrition play major roles in horn growth. Generally, genetics determine the form of antlers while nutrition dictates their size. Some deer or elk simply lack the bloodlines to grow trophy-class racks of multiple points and width no matter what they're fed.
A study of white-tailed deer compared the offspring of yearling bucks with relatively large branched antlers versus yearlings with only spikes. Because both sets of deer were captive in the controlled experiment they were fed identical diets. The yearlings with larger antlers sired only 5 percent spikes, while the spike yearlings produced 44 percent spike antlered yearlings.
However, one study of mule deer has shown that in wet years, which mean increased availability of food, there are fewer spike bucks and larger number of yearlings with forked antlers.
Bottom line: The highest scoring trophy big-game usually are produced from a combination of good genetics and nutrition.
HUNTING — Numerous comments have come in regarding my Sunday Outdoors feature, “Milking the Cow Elk Tag,” a story about what to do with the most coveted permit you never hear a hunter brag about.
Following are phrases in the story that are triggering most of the “right on” and “I remember when” comments in the reader response:
“Can’t eat antlers,” my dad often said. Living through the Great Depression instilled that attitude. It served our family well.
I’ve never seen a cow elk featured on the cover of Field & Stream or Outdoor Life, yet every ordinary-guy elk hunter I know applies for a cow tag.
Maybe this is why hunters don’t gloat when they draw a cow tag. How humiliating would it be if you didn’t fill it.
My luck changed on the last morning of the season, verifying once again that getting into elk is all about putting in the time.
Following an elk down a slope in the Blue Mountains is like flirting with your best friend’s spouse. There’s no easy way out of the situation, and you make things much worse if you score.
E=mc2: That is, Eating quality equals Miles wild meat must be packed out by muscle power multiplied by the number of Contour lines crossed, squared.
I left the mountains, not with a rack to hang on the wall, but with a trophy for the freezer.
HUNTING — Alex Harris of Coeur d'Alene has been putting in for Idaho's once-in-a-lifetime bull moose tag for 10 years and even at that he was lucky to draw a 2013 tag.
Some hunters have applied for decades and are still coming up zip.
So the 37-year-old hunter made his opportunity count.
“I have hunted the St. Joe River drainage in Unit 6 for elk, deer, bear, grouse and turkey since the fall of 1996 and have seen many nice moose in the area where I was lucky enough to spot this monster,” he said in an email with the photo above.
“It is also in the same area that my Aunt and Uncle (my hunting mentors) have taken two 40-plus-inch moose in the past.”
This season was different on all counts, since it was Harris who had the moose tag in his pocket.
He said he'd passed up a few smaller bulls during the early stages of his hunt last week, but couldn’t resist the chance to take this bull — the rack measures 52 inches wide — on Sept 19, the evening of the fifth day of moose season.
“I will be doing a European mount of the head and (wife willing) will be hanging it in our living room,” he said. “I had to go out and purchase a new freezer in anticipation of the meat returning from the butcher. Enjoyed fresh moose tenderloin last night and probably liver and onions by the end of the week.”
Harris's moose-chasing companion found adventure simply by being WITH the holder of a coveted Idaho moose tag:
Hunting partner, heavy lifter, and expert knot tier Jacob Rothrock snapped the photo just before a smaller bull moose charged him trying to get to the newly single cow who had bedded down above us.
HUNTING — Get the skinny on hunting prospects for deer and elk as well as upland birds and other species in the 2013 hunting forecasts posted by The Washington Fish and Wildlife Department.
Area wildlife biologists have posted notes on their observatins of eveything from pheasant crow counds to big-game population trends by district.
WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT — Idaho law requires hunters AND ANGLERS to stop and Fish and Game check stations.
The code says, “all sportsmen, with or without game, must stop at Fish & Game check stations.”
All those who are hunting or fishing that day, or are returning from an overnight hunting or fishing outing, are required to stop.
“Each year, a few sportsmen do not stop at check stations because they were not successful on that specific trip,” says Phil Cooper, IFG spokesman in Coeur d'Alene. “They see the signs, but think the instructions don't apply to them and continue on their way.
“However, information about a trip where nothing was harvested is also recorded. Citations can be issued to those who have spent the day in the field and do not stop.”
Read on for more details about the two types of check stations the state runs.
HUNTING — Jim Hayden, Idaho Fish and Game Department regional wildlife manager, speaks frankly in a post he just made to update the status of elk and elk hunting on the Idaho Panhandle.
- Antlerless elk hunting remains severely curtailed, but there are signs of improving population trends in the St. Joe region.
- Numbers of younger bulls including spikes appears to be down, but the percentage of old bulls is high, so Hayden expects to see some wall hangers coming out of North Idaho this fall.
Read on for his complete post, plus his encouragement for hunters to participate in the development of Idaho's statewide elk management plan for the next 10 years.
IFG will hold an online chat for sportsmen to monitor or ask questions regarding elk management on Thursday, 5 p.m.-7 p.m.
HUNTING — My buddy, Andy, sent me this photo of bull elk passing by his trail cam, which is mounted just 20 yards from his bowhunting blind.
Trust me: you can't really imagine how anxious Andy is for the first week of September, unless you're a bowhunter.
HUNTING – A proposed 10-year elk management plan has been released for public comment by the Idaho Fish and Game Commission.
The plan is posted on the Fish and Game Department’s elk planning webpage.
Public comments are due by Sept. 22.
Agency officials will hold a live online chat from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. on Thursday (Aug. 29) to answer questions about the plan.
- Washington is planning to release a long-term elk management plan for public review in November or December, Fish and Wildlife Department officials say.
FORESTS – A Stimson Lumber Co. application to spray herbicides on forest land in Pend Oreille County is drawing concern from wildlife enthusiasts.
Timber companies have been getting permits from the Washington Department of Natural Resources for aerial spraying for years to kill brush that competes in harvested areas with newly planted trees.
But birding groups and some hunters are concerned about the toll the herbicides are taking on native plants and the birds and wildlife that depnd on them, expecially moose.
The Stimson application is for prime moose habitat in the Skookum Lake-Half Moon Lake area as well as around North Baldy and Pelke Divide.
HUNTING — I'm feeling pretty smug this week after checking out the special hunting permit lottery results and seeing that I drew a coveted Blue Mountains antlerless elk tag.
Most years I wish calamities on camo-clad brethren who draw tags while I sulk in the huge pool of losers.
But the game is only begun. Now it's time to be sure everything is planned out, from the camp sites to the scouting and most important — the physical conditioning for hunting day after day in the steep canyons of the Blues.
The last time my hunting partner, Jim, drew a bull tag, he started working out in June in a well-planned schedule with a backpack and increasingly longer distances and heavier loads.
A hunter waits years to draw a tag for a special opportunity to harvest an elk. You don't want to waste the chance.
My workout program kicked in high gear last weekend as I helped my daughter move all her belongings out of a SECOND STORY apartment.
I commute to work on my bicycle, riding 14 miles round trip up and down the South Hill.
I'm planning at least four major backpacking trips and numerous dayhikes through the summer.
And that, in my experience, is just barely enough to get me on track for seriously hunting the Blues and being in shape for comfortably packing out the meat if I'm lucky enough to score.
What are you doing to prepare for elk season?
WILDLIFE — Scientists across the West are raising concerns about a growing infestation of exotic deer lice that appears to be killing Columbian black-tailed and mule deer and recently turned up in Nevada.
The infestation has been on the rise, especially in Oregon, Washington, California and New Mexico.
Researchers said the non-native lice first appeared in the mid-1990s. They apparently weaken the deer during the long winter months, causing hair loss and distracting them from threats posed by hungry predators like mountain lions.
WILDLIFE — Although 91 pronghorns were imported from Nevada and released on the Yakama Indian Reservation in 2011 (see story), a few of the speedster species may have hoofed into Washington on their own from Oregon.
Two bucks and a doe were reported this month in northern Asotin County, according to a report by Paul Wik, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife southeast wildlife biologist.
“It is not known how long it has been since naturally recolonizing pronghorn have been seen in the state, but it has likely been a very long time,” he said on the agency's website.
It's also possible the trio are spinoffs from the pronghorns released in Yakima. Those animals have reproduced and ranged widely off the reservation, but details are hard to get from the tribe.
WDFW wildlife mangers say they've had informal talks with landowners about moving reintroducing pronghorns to Walla Walla County.
Outdoor photographer Jaime Johnson snapped the pronghorn buck image above near his home in Montana, where antelope still roam widely.
HUNTING — Wednesday (May 22) is the deadline to apply for Washington's special big-game hunting permits for deer, elk, mountain goat, moose, bighorn sheep, and turkey seasons.
Permit winners will be selected through a random drawing in late June.
Update your email and mailing address in the system when purchasing your special permit applications and licenses. Each year, hundreds of special hunting permits are returned because of invalid addresses, Washington Fish and Wildlife Department officials say.
Idaho's first controlled hunt application period ended April 30. The second CH application period for leftover tags is June 15-25.
Montana's main deer and elk special permit application period ended March 15. Applications for antelope and secondary elk and deer permits is June 1.