Few wildlife conservation efforts have been as controversial as that of the grey wolf in the Northern Rockies. Federal efforts to protect the wolf have clashed with state efforts to control wolf populations and protect livestock and game from predation by wolf packs.
Idaho and Montana have been given federal authority to manage wolf numbers using public hunts. Federal officials require Idaho to maintain a population of at least 150 wolves and 10 breeding pairs.
Idaho wildlife officials have boosted bag limits, expanded trapping and extended hunting seasons in some areas to help further reduce wolf populations in all corners of the state. Its 10-month wolf season runs until June.
Idaho’s wolf managers estimated 500 to 600 wolves roamed the state as of spring 2012, down from the more than 1,000 when the 2011 hunting season opened in August.
Hunters and trappers killed 364 wolves since the 2011 season opened, while dozens more wolves have died of natural causes or been killed for preying on livestock or targeted as part of a strategy to lessen impacts on specific elk herds in the state.
A federal appeals court in March rejected a lawsuit from conservation groups that wanted to block wolf hunts across the Northern Rockies. The ruling from a three-judge panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said Congress had the right to intervene when it stripped protections from wolves in spring 2011.
Lawmakers stepped in after court rulings kept wolves on the endangered list for years after they reached recovery goals. Wildlife advocates claimed in their lawsuit that Congress violated the separation of powers by interfering with the courts. But the court said Congress was within its rights, and that lawmakers had appropriately amended the Endangered Species Act to deal with Northern Rockies wolves.
There are more than 1,700 wolves in Montana, Idaho, Wyoming and expanding populations in portions of Eastern Washington and northeastern Oregon. Wolf hunting could resume in Wyoming this fall.
In parts of Montana, ranchers and local officials frustrated with continuing attacks on livestock have proposed bounties for hunters that kill wolves. Montana wildlife officials said they will consider ways to expand hunting after 166 wolves were killed this season, short of the state’s 220-wolf quota.
Wolves once thrived across North America but were exterminated across most of the continental U.S. by the 1930s, through government sponsored poisoning and bounty programs.
Wolves were put on the endangered list in 1974. Over the last two decades, state and federal agencies have spent more than $100 million on wolf restoration programs across the country. There are more than 4,500 of the animals in the upper Great Lakes and a struggling population of several dozen wolves in the Desert Southwest.
Prior lawsuits resulted first in the animals’ reintroduction to the Northern Rockies and then later kept them on the endangered list for a decade after the species reached recovery goal of 300 wolves in three states.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is monitoring the hunts. But agency officials have said they have no plans to intervene because the states have pledged to manage wolves responsibly.
Federal officials have pledged to step in to restore endangered species protections if wolf numbers drop to less than 100 animals in either Montana or Idaho.
Even without hunting, wolves are shot regularly in the region in response to livestock attacks. Since their reintroduction, more than 1,600 wolves have been shot by government wildlife agents or ranchers.
Latest updates in this topic
Yellowstone wolf family tree and genealogy available online
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Washington looking for ways to control wolves without killing them, keep information private
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Living with predators – adaptation
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Professor accuses WSU of violations after he criticized cattle rancher, wolf pack removal
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Advocates say wolves may help curb disease in elk
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Yellowstone elk herd growth tricky to manage
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Some information on wolf control programs won’t be made public
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More wolf packs expected in southwest Oregon
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Montana plans to keep wolf hunt quotas outside Yellowstone
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Washington wolf population continues to grow
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Wolf attack in Eastern Oregon leaves 16 chickens, seven geese missing
Wildlife officials say a wolf pack killed at least eight chickens and a goose in Eastern Oregon.
Some fish-wildlife legislation still alive in Olympia
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Report: Washington wolves continue steady increase of nearly 30 percent a year
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Parker: Bear and wolf proposal is unconscionable
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Idaho wolf-killing account to get $400K more for ‘slush fund’
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House OKs bill to exempt some info about wolf attacks
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Board would look for nonlethal ways to control wolves in northeastern Washington
Washington would look for nonlethal ways to keep wolves from killing livestock in four northeast counties under a bill the House passed unanimously Monday.
Gray wolf recovery projects continue to drain millions of dollars from state coffers
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Court rules to lift federal protections for Wyoming wolves
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Feds kill wolf on private land with cyanide trap
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Bill advances that would exempt some info about wolf attacks
A bill that would exempt from public disclosure personal information about people who report or respond to wolf attacks in Washington state has cleared a House committee.
Snow delays Oregon wolf count, management plan update
Heavy snow in Oregon in recent months has caused problems for wildlife officials in charge of tracking the state’s wolf population.
Oregon proposal could allow public to hunt ‘problem’ wolves
Oregon wildlife officials have long maintained that no hunting season is planned for the state’s wolf population, even as the number of wolves in state continues to grow.
Field Reports: Profanity Peak Pack removal cost state $135K
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Escaped wolf from eastern Idaho tourist attraction shot, killed
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Biologists hope to capture, re-collar wolf
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Collared wolf dead, 3 others survive in Idaho wilderness
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Washington wolf shot in Montana after roaming 700 miles
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Extermination of Profanity Peak wolf pack halted
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Central Oregon man sentenced for poisoning Idaho wolf
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3 wolf attacks on cattle confirmed in southern Oregon
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Oregon wildlife officials seek input on wolf, cougar management
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