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Thursday, October 17, 2019  Spokane, Washington  Est. May 19, 1883
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Outdoors blog

Managing Salmon in Idaho’s Salmon River is complicated

FISHERIES -- While most Idaho big-fish anglers are still focused on steelheading, some are turning their attention to chinook salmon.
 
Idaho Fish and Game regularly fields questions on why seasons aren't set sooner or why certain stretches of the state's rivers aren't opened to chinook fishing.
 
Read on as Jim Lukens, Idaho Fish and Game's Salmon region supervison, explains.

Biologists are predicting a return of hatchery fish in adequate numbers to support a fishery in the upper Salmon River. Similar to last year, fishing will likely be restricted to the area below Ellis due to a poor predicted return to Sawtooth Hatchery.

Some anglers and local merchants have asked why we don't open more of the river to fishing below the town of Salmon. This is a rather complicated issue but I will attempt an explanation.
 
The fishery is what biologists term a mixed stock fishery, composed of protected fish listed under the Endangered Species Act, the wild chinook, and non-protected salmon, the hatchery component, which anglers can harvest. When predicted numbers of returning hatchery fish exceed spawning needs, a season can be considered.
 
NOAA Fisheries Service, the federal agency responsible for the management of listed salmon, issues Fish and Game a permit to conduct mixed stock fisheries.
 
Part of this permit is a limited allowed "take" of listed fish. While wild fish must be released, some of these fish will die and this constitutes "take."
 
Biologists monitor the fishery closely to ensure that hatchery fish are not overharvested, and that we don't exceed the allowed "take" of wild fish. Another part of the permit specifies the portion of the river in which a mixed stock fishery can occur. This year the Fish and Game has a revised permit which allows us to extend the fishery to more river area.
 
Biologists are studying the possibility of extending the fishery to the area below Salmon, possibly down to North Fork. The risk of including this area is that anglers may encounter some Lemhi River fish, which are all wild, listed fish. This could increase "take" of these fish and jeopardize the entire fishery.
 
If we decide to include more river area open to fishing, all reasonable measures will be taken to minimize the "take" of wild fish. Biologists will continue to monitor the status of fish destined for the upper Salmon River using Snake and Columbia river dam counts and computer modeling.
 
Specific recommendations will be presented to the Fish and Game Commission, and the commissioners will set the season during their May meeting.



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Rich Landers
Rich Landers joined The Spokesman-Review in 1977. He is the Outdoors editor for the Sports Department writing and photographing stories about hiking, hunting, fishing, boating, conservation, nature and wildlife and related topics.

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