A panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals on today affirmed a lower court ruling ordering Washington to replace hundreds of culverts – at a cost that officials peg at $2.4 billion.
The case stems from the landmark 1974 Boldt decision, which affirmed the rights of 21 Washington tribes to half the salmon harvest. The tribes, backed by the U.S. Justice Department, sued the state in 2001, trying to force the state to replace the culverts with structures that better allow fish to pass.
A federal judge in Seattle held that fish-blocking culverts contribute to diminished salmon runs and in 2013 ordered the state to replace hundreds of culverts.