ENDANGERED SPECIES -- In nine years, wolves in Oregon have increased from zero to three consecutive years of seven or more breeding pairs, bringing the state into the next stage stage of recovery and eventual delisting from endangered species protections.
A “breeding pair” is two adult wolves that produce at least two pups that survive through the end of the year. The eight packs that qualify as breeding pairs in 2016 are Meacham and Walla Walla (Umatilla County), Catherine (Union County), and Snake River, Chesnimnus, Wenaha, Minam and a group of unnamed wolves in the Imnaha Wildlife Management Unit (Wallowa County).
“Moving into Phase III is a significant milestone towards the recovery of gray wolves in Oregon,” says Russ Morgan, state Fish and Wildlife Department wolf biologist. “It shows how successful wolves can be in this state – in just nine years under existing management we have gone from no packs of wolves to multiple packs and an expanding distribution.”
In addition to counting wolves, ODFW biologists have placed 14 radio-collars on wolves this winter in seven groups. Another milestone was reached on Feb. 24 when OR50 was collared in the Imnaha Wildlife Management Unit, marking the 50th wolf collared in Oregon. Biologists may soon learn more from the DNA and radio-collar data about whether OR50 is part of a new group of wolves or a pack that shifted its home range into the area previously occupied by the Imnaha pack.
ODFW is completing its annual year-end survey of wolves and will announce the results in its 2016 Wolf Annual Report. The report is set to be presented to the Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission on April 21 in Klamath Falls.
Western Oregon remains in Phase I of wolf management, with protections that match those implemented when wolves were listed as state endangered. Wolves also remain listed as endangered under the federal Endangered Species Act west of U.S. Highways 395, 78, 95.
Under the current Wolf Conservation and Management Plan, Phase III continues to focus on conservation of wolves while addressing instances of wolf-human conflict. This includes continuing to emphasize the use of non-lethal deterrents, the use of controlled take in certain situations, and expands livestock producer options for investigating potential wolf depredations of livestock.
The current Plan states that controlled take of wolves can be allowed in two specific circumstances:
1) if wolves are determined to be causing declines in ungulate populations such as deer and elk or
2) in specific cases of chronic livestock depredation.
“These Phase III provisions do not replace good faith efforts at non-lethal solutions to wolf conflicts,” Morgan says. “Take of wolves can only be considered as a management response in very specific situations and there are no plans for controlled take at this time.”
Phase III allows either ODFW or USDA Wildlife Services to confirm wolf depredations in Eastern Oregon. The Plan also allows USDA Wildlife Services to continue to assist ODFW with wolf damage management using the skills and experience of both agencies. Lethal removal of wolves for specific cases of chronic depredation will be decided by ODFW and will continue to be based on a rigorous evidence-based investigation process. USDA Wildlife Services will not assist in the lethal removal of wolves or expand its role in depredation investigations (including confirming wolf depredations) until it has evaluated its obligations under the National Environmental Policy Act.
ODFW staff are currently working on a routine five-year Wolf Plan review and will present the draft, updated Wolf Plan to the Commission at their April 21 meeting, though final action on the plan is not expected to occur until later in the year.