TORONTO — A former Rwandan government adviser helped incite the 1994 genocide in his native country and should be deported to face charges in the East African nation, the Canadian Supreme Court ruled Tuesday.
The Canadian government has sought to deport Leon Mugesera for a decade on grounds that he promoted hatred, genocide and crimes against humanity in a speech he made two years before the killings began.
Mugesera, who moved to Spain, then Canada before the genocide began, had appealed two deportation orders by Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Board. He became a permanent resident of Canada in 1993 and lives with his family in the French-speaking province of Quebec.
Mugesera’s lawyer said his client feared he would be tortured and killed if forced to return to Rwanda.
“We are very shaken,” the lawyer, Guy Bertrand, said outside the court in the federal capital of Ottawa. “No one believes that he can be safe in returning.”
A Canadian appeals court ruled two years ago that the evidence did not indicate Mugesera deliberately incited murder. The appeals panel said the translation of the speech cited by the government in seeking Mugesera’s deportation was inaccurate.
But the Supreme Court ruled that the lower court erred in its review.
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