BAGHDAD – The United States and Iran will sit down Tuesday for ambassador-level talks in Baghdad on the deteriorating security situation in Iraq – the first such meeting since late May, U.S. and Iraqi officials said Sunday.
Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari said by telephone that the discussions would be at the ambassadorial level and focus on the situation in Iraq, not U.S.-Iran tensions. The Bush administration has accused Tehran of supporting Shiite militias in Iraq.
Iraq’s fragile government has been pressing for another meeting between the two nations with the greatest influence over its future, and Iran has repeatedly signaled its willingness to talk. State Department spokesman Sean McCormack said last week that Washington also was ready to hold new talks with Iran on the security situation in Iraq.
The May 28 meeting marked a break in a 27-year diplomatic freeze between the U.S. and Iran and was expected to have been followed within a month by a second session. But after that meeting, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and other U.S. officials said Iran had not scaled back what the United States claims is a concerted effort to arm militants in Iraq.
Tensions also have risen over Tehran’s detention of four Iranian-American scholars and activists charged with endangering national security. The United States has demanded their release, saying the charges are false.
At the same time, Iran has called for the release of five Iranians detained in Iraq, who the United States has said are members of Iran’s elite Quds Force – accused of arming and training Iraqi militants. Iran says the five are diplomats in Iraq with permission of the government.
As recently as Sunday, U.S. troops detained two suspected weapons smugglers who may be linked to the Quds force, the military said. The suspects and a number of weapons were seized during a raid on a farm compound in eastern Iraq near the Iranian border, according to a statement.
McCormack said the United States wanted to use the meeting to warn Iran against continuing its support for militants in Iraq.
Iraq had hoped to arrange a higher-level meeting between Rice and Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki, but the two exchanged only stiff pleasantries during a recent international conference on Iraq’s security in Egypt.
The United States is pursuing a two-track strategy with Iran that reflects the high stakes in any engagement with a nation President Bush accuses of funding terrorism and building a nuclear bomb.
Washington is reaching out tentatively with the talks on Iraq, but also keeping a check on Iran with the Navy conducting exercises in the Persian Gulf this spring and the U.S. pushing for new U.N. sanctions against Tehran because of its disputed nuclear program.
The United States broke off diplomatic ties with Iran after the 1979 storming of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and the holding of American hostages for 444 days. Any direct talks between the two nations are rare.
Iran denies the U.S. allegations about its activities in neighboring Iraq, which like Iran has a majority Shiite Muslim population.
In Baghdad, meanwhile, two powerful legislators said Sunday that prospects were dim for passage of a U.S.-backed oil bill before parliament’s August vacation.
American officials have pressed Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and parliament to pass laws the U.S. deems essential to restoring stability, and the oil bill is at the top of the list.
American commander Gen. David Petraeus must report to Congress by Sept. 15, and the absence of legislative progress will make it difficult to issue a positive assessment at a time when there is flagging support for keeping American troops in the country.
Mahmoud Othman, a Kurdish lawmaker, and Abbas al-Bayati, a Shiite Turkman parliamentarian, said the oil legislation was not likely to be debated before September because political leaders have been unable to agree on a final draft.
“There must first be political consensus between the major blocs on the law but there is not enough time for this to be done before the August break,” said al-Bayati, a member of the United Iraqi Alliance, the largest Shiite bloc in the 275-seat house.
The draft oil legislation, approved by al-Maliki’s Cabinet but not sent to parliament because of widespread opposition, calls for a fair distribution among Shiites, Kurds and Sunnis of the income from Iraq’s massive petroleum resources.
Sunnis, who make up the bulk of the insurgency, have virtually no known oil reserves in their territories yet still oppose the draft legislation. Kurds, who control large reserves in northern Iraq, oppose the measure because it could loosen their control over a key asset.
Al-Maliki has called for parliament to cancel its monthlong vacation or at least limit it to two weeks to deal with legislative matters – a plea that has not resonated among lawmakers.
The infusion of about 30,000 more American forces, completed last month, was Bush’s attempt to calm the capital and provide “breathing space” to pass the oil legislation. But so far nothing of consequence has reached the parliament floor and violence has persisted.
In the latest violence, Iraqi police and morgue and hospital officials reported at least 38 Iraqis were killed or found dead across the country Sunday.
The U.S. military also confirmed Sunday that Tariq Aziz, Saddam Hussein’s former deputy prime minister, was hospitalized briefly in Iraq after a fall but was returned to a U.S. detention facility in normal condition. The 71-year-old Aziz became the public face to the outside world for Saddam’s regime during his years as foreign minister.
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