IZMIR, Turkey – An American pastor imprisoned in Turkey is going on trial for alleged terror ties and spying in a case that has increased tensions between Washington and Ankara.
Andrew Craig Brunson, a 50-year-old evangelical pastor from North Carolina, is facing up to 35 years in prison on charges of “committing crimes on behalf of terror groups without being a member” and “espionage.” The trial begins Monday in western Izmir province.
Brunson was arrested in December 2016 for alleged links to both an outlawed Kurdish insurgent group and the network of the U.S.-based Muslim cleric who Turkey blames for a masterminding a failed military coup that year. The cleric, Fethullah Gulen, denies the claim.
Brunson, who has lived in Turkey for 23 years, has denied all allegations, saying that he solely worked as a pastor.
The Turkish government has clearly linked Brunson’s case with its determination to force the U.S. to extradite Gulen – and some see the pastor as a diplomatic pawn.
The American Center for Law and Justice, a conservative Christian group in the U.S., has called Brunson a “hostage of the Turkish government.” A petition has garnered more than half a million signatures, claiming that the case was putting Christianity on trial.
Brunson’s lawyer, Ismail Cem Halavurt, told The Associated Press on Sunday he expects the pastor’s acquittal, arguing that the “weak” indictment lacked sufficient evidence to make the case hold up in court.
American officials have repeatedly requested that Brunson be released – President Donald Trump himself asked Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to have his government “expeditiously” return the pastor to the U.S.
But Erdogan fired back at Washington, demanding that the U.S. first return Gulen.
“You give him to us and we’ll give you this one,” he said, referring to Brunson.
Turkey has submitted an extradition request to the U.S. for Gulen, who lives in Pennsylvania, but so far it not been granted. That has created festering frustration in the Turkish government, which has hunted down tens of thousands of alleged Gulen supporters and either imprisoned them or fired them from government jobs.
Brunson has served as the pastor of Izmir Resurrection Church with a small Protestant congregation. He was first detained in October 2016 with his wife, Norine Brunson, who was later released.
Brunson’s lawyer said he was healthy but “demoralized” after being stuck behind bars, having missed his daughter’s engagement and another child’s graduation.
The Izmir prosecutor’s indictment against Brunson claims he was in contact with top-level executives of Gulen’s network and the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK. Both are designated terror groups in Turkey. Brunson is accused of acting in “parallel and coordinated fashion” with them, aiming to “divide” the country.
“We think we can debunk these claims tomorrow,” Brunson’s lawyer said.
The prosecutor also accuses Brunson of espionage, saying Brunson acted “as an agent of unconventional warfare,” gathering intelligence with religious work as his cover. The indictment – based on the testimonies of witnesses, including three secret ones, and alleged digital evidence – claims the pastor worked to convert Kurds to Christianity to sow discord.
Halavurt called the use of secret witnesses a “serious wound” in Turkey’s legal system that has contributed to Brunson’s suffering, and he argues that the spying accusation is “completely baseless.”
The lawyer said he is opposed to the “politicization” of Brunson’s case and says his client wants to remain in Turkey if he’s acquitted.
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