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The Spokesman-Review Newspaper
Spokane, Washington  Est. May 19, 1883

‘York’ revived to celebrate Black History Month

By Audrey Overstreet For The Spokesman-Review

In 2004, Spokane Civic Theatre’s playwright-in-residence Bryan Harnetiaux received a request from Gonzaga University’s drama department to write a play about the 1804 Lewis and Clark expedition. Harnetiaux said he was honored to attempt a play for the bicentennial celebration of the great Western exploration.

But after two months of research, Harnetiaux had to throw in the towel on the entire project. He felt defeated.

“Nothing jelled,” said Harnetiaux, who was also a law professor at Gonzaga. “I told the school I came up empty.”

Then a week later the right idea came to him like a living being. “I woke up one morning, and there was York at the foot of my bed,” Harnetiaux recalled.

York was the slave who accompanied Lewis and Clark on their two-year journey to explore the West. He was the only black man among the 40 members of the Corps of Discovery, which made the historic two-year journey.

Harnetiaux immediately called his actor friend David Casteal, who taught at Cooper Elementary in Hillyard, to collaborate with him on writing and starring in the play. The resulting one-man show, starring Casteal as York, premiered at Civic in 2005. It was even shown off off-Broadway in New York City. The play was revived for a short production run in 2008, then lay dormant for nearly 8 years. Casteal recently revived his role and toured last year.

For two nights this year, Casteal will again play York. He’ll be on the Civic main stage on Friday, in time to celebrate Black History Month. The theater hopes to use the play to introduce a new set of audiences to an iconic figure in our culture who has largely been overlooked. Casteal also will take the play to the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture on Feb. 8 for a presentation co-sponsored by the museum and the Spokane chapter of the NAACP.

The intriguing one-man show is told by York, Clark’s childhood companion and slave. Casteal weaves the story of York’s challenges and accomplishments, blending first-person narration with energetic, live African drumming and traditional Native American drum recordings.

“One element you see is the affinity between York’s African drumming experience and the Native American drumming,” Harneitaux said. “The white man is really the odd man out.”

Although York proved to be an important participant in the expedition, as a black man and a slave he was not recognized as a member of the expedition until nearly 200 years afterward. In 2001, President Bill Clinton posthumously awarded York the rank of Honorary Sergeant in the Corps of Discovery.

Harnetiaux said he hopes the performances will entertain and inform new audiences. The ultimate goal, he said, is to have the play published so that the work, and York’s name, can live on.

“It’s a harsh story about the treatment of slaves in our history,” Hartnieux said. “And yet York was undeniably among the most fortunate because he did experience ultimate freedom on that arduous and heavenly journey that by all accounts was remarkable.”