In the midst of COVID-19, cherry growers around the Wenatchee Valley are battling another epidemic: little cherry disease.
The number of positive cases of the disease have tripled in the past two years, according to the WSU Tree Fruit website. The disease causes cherries to grow smaller, paler and lose their flavor. One of the pathogens can also impact nectarines, peaches, plums and apricots.
“They both cause similar symptoms so we call it little cherry, but it is really two pathogens,” said Tianna DuPont, WSU Tree Fruit Extension specialist.
In 2019, 7,000 samples from cherry trees were tested and 2,629 positive samples came back, DuPont said. In 2018, fewer than 600 trees were found to be positive with the pathogens. Growers across the state removed 28,000 trees this winter to stop the spread of the disease.
Of the 2,629 positive cases, 141 were located around the Wenatchee Valley.
It’s almost impossible to know a tree has the disease until right before harvest, DuPont said.
Harvest is underway in the southern part of the cherry-growing area, said James Michael, marketing vice president for Northwest Cherry Growers. The Chelan County harvest will begin next month. Northwest Cherry Growers predicts growers across five states will produce about 21 million boxes of cherries this year compared to about 23 million boxes harvested in 2019.
WSU extension employees are asking growers to be aware of the ongoing problem and spend time scouting and removing trees during the 2020 harvest. It is suspected that the problem will get worse before it gets better.
There is no cure once trees are infected and the only way to stop the spread is to remove the infected trees, DuPont said. But certain types of insects, such as mealybugs and leafhoppers, may transmit the disease.
“So primarily by insects, but it can also be spread by grafting and root grafting,” she said. “So, it is important for growers to start with clean plant material.”
Growers have some options when it comes to controlling pests that could be spreading these diseases. Certain insect species like lacewings, minute pirate bugs, spiders and lady beetles are effective at controlling mealybugs. So it can be important not to spread pesticides that hurt these types of insects.
Other possibilities could include using white reflective mulch in orchards to confuse insects so they can’t find trees, DuPont said. It reduces their ability to feed on the trees and move around.
“So we’re trying to find alternatives to pesticides as well, in order to make it so we have integrated pest management and don’t create other problems,” she said.
Local journalism is essential.
Give directly to The Spokesman-Review's Northwest Passages community forums series -- which helps to offset the costs of several reporter and editor positions at the newspaper -- by using the easy options below. Gifts processed in this system are not tax deductible, but are predominately used to help meet the local financial requirements needed to receive national matching-grant funds.
Subscribe to the Coronavirus newsletter
Get the day’s latest Coronavirus news delivered to your inbox by subscribing to our newsletter.