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Presidential candidates: What are their plans for issues important to kids?

A large crowd gathered June 6 in Washington, D.C., to protest the May 25 killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis and other Black people while in police custody. Joe Biden and President Donald Trump say they want to improve the lives of Black people by investing government money, but they have different ideas about how to do it.  (Astrid Riecken/For the Washington Post)
A large crowd gathered June 6 in Washington, D.C., to protest the May 25 killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis and other Black people while in police custody. Joe Biden and President Donald Trump say they want to improve the lives of Black people by investing government money, but they have different ideas about how to do it. (Astrid Riecken/For the Washington Post)
By Christina Barron Washington Post

Choosing a presidential candidate to support is usually about figuring out which one has views closest to your own on issues that you think are important.

We have gathered some of that information on the two major-party candidates: former vice president Joe Biden (Democratic Party) and President Donald Trump (Republican Party). We picked areas that affect kids and that kids have spoken out about, but we’re only scratching the surface.

Coronavirus

Vaccine plans

Biden: Fast-track the production of a vaccine. Produce details before taking office on which government agency would be in charge of distributing a vaccine or vaccines, which groups of people would receive a vaccine first and when that would happen.

Trump: Develop a vaccine by the end of this year. He has asked state and local health departments to figure out how to distribute a vaccine as early as October.

Face masks

Biden: Push governors to require wearing face masks in public. Possibly enact mandatory face-mask wearing on U.S. government property.

Trump: Leave regulation to the states.

Virus testing

Biden: Provide free testing for “every person who needs a test.” Set up at least 10 mobile testing and drive-thru sites per state.

Trump: Although the president said this summer increased testing was making the U.S. “look bad,” he announced Sept. 28 that 100 million rapid tests would be distributed over the next several weeks.

Environment

Carbon emissions

Biden: Reach net-zero greenhouse gas emissions no later than 2050 by reducing methane production, creating more energy-efficient government buildings, pushing the auto industry to produce electric vehicles, making companies disclose levels of greenhouse gas emissions and conserving 30% of public lands and waters by 2030.

Rejoin the Paris Climate Accord, the international effort to slow climate change.

Trump: No plan for carbon emission reduction. In March, he backed off President Barack Obama’s plan to make cars and trucks 5% more energy efficient each year from 2021 to 2026. That requirement is now 1.5% each year. (Greenhouse gas emissions from transportation make up about 28% of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.)

Renewable energy

Biden: Create a 100% renewable (or “clean”) energy economy by investing $1.7 trillion in the next 10 years. Some of that money would go to creating 10 million jobs related to harnessing the power sources such as sun, wind, waves, rain, tides and geothermal heat.

Trump: Support all energy sources, including nonrenewable (fossil fuels) and renewable sources. Trump has been skeptical about the benefits of spending money on clean energy and wants to protect or expand jobs connected to fossil fuels, such as oil, coal and natural gas. He plans to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas drilling in 2021.

Education

Back to in-person schooling

Biden: Let school districts make decisions on when students can return.

Trump: Urged all schools to open in the fall for in-person learning.

Free college

Biden: Make public four-year colleges and universities tuition-free for all families with incomes less than $125,000.

Make two years of community college or other professional training program free. The federal government would pay 75%, and the states would pay 25% of this program.

Biden has not estimated the cost of these programs or provided details on how his administration would pay for them.

Trump: Does not support free community college or four-year colleges.

School choice

Biden: Does not support giving families government money to attend private or religious schools from kindergarten through 12th grade.

Trump: Make school choice available to all children. Most school-choice programs are controlled by states, but the United States pays for the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program. That program allows low-income families in Washington to attend private schools with federal government money. In July, Trump announced adding $85 million in the next five years to the program.

Other priorities

Biden: Spend $8 billion to improve facilities and programs at community colleges.

Spend three times the current level of spending on Title I, a program that helps elementary and secondary (K-12) schools with large numbers of low-income students.

Add more counselors and social workers to K-12 schools.

Trump: Teach “American Exceptionalism,” or pro-America lessons, in schools. States determine the curriculum in their schools, but Trump has created a commission to explore the idea of making U.S. history lessons less about the legacy of slavery and racism.

Racial justice

Economic opportunities

Biden: Make sure that all small-business relief efforts are designed to help businesses owned by Black and brown people.

Spend more on technology and innovation centers, especially those serving Black, Latino, Asian, Pacific Islander and Native American entrepreneurs or people who start businesses.

Increase funding for organizations that help people of color access high-quality training and job opportunities.

Make tuition free at historically Black colleges and universities and minority serving institutions for families with incomes below $125,000.

Invest $70 billion in programs and facilities at HBCUs and MSIs.

Trump: Expand “Opportunity Zones” in low-income areas. These zones, which were created in 2017, allow people to save on their tax bill by investing money to construct buildings in these areas. The development is supposed to improve the living conditions of residents, but critics say it also can cause them to leave because housing becomes too expensive.

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